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Correspondence  > 1824 - 1894

Correspondence: 1824 - 1894
 

 

Serial no.

Date

From no.

From Person

To no.

To Person

Pages

Summary

000022460

02.08.1824

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08138

SUMATI ALIAS

2

Gandhiji is glad to know that she subscribes to Navjeevan and also spins. Advises that while spinning she should try to vasualise the miseries of the poor.

000022494

01.02.1828

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

05982

MALKANI

2

Advises to get Thakkar Bapa's recommendation. Asks if he is ready for untouchability work. Advises to weight thoroughly the pros and cons as the work might involce continious touring.

000003099

10.03.1833

00000

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2

This is a good pretext to stop Indian Immigration. Description of the symptoms and courses of the plague in its varieties.

000022555

03.06.1842

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08148

MALKANI, N. R. (Prof.)

2

Inquires why expenditure was incured in spite of instructions to the contrary.

000024118

22.08.1847

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08305

CHANDIWALA, Brijkrishna

2

If what you write is correct socialists will not be able to do any thing. conveys news.

000000002

03.08.1871

00000

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56

Stipulations. (1) Control of foreign affairs. (2) Resident (3) who will look after native's interests (4) Full freedom of trade, possession of property etc to all, domiciled since 1877 (5) No slavery or apprenticeship akin to slavery. (6) Confirmation by the first Natal Parliament. (Important pages for South Africa struggle :-Nos. 50-51)

000000003

03.08.1871

00000

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2

Legalising Conscription during war' Coloured man also can be called up. "Coloured"= A person any of whose forefathers up to the 4th generation belongs to the aboriginal races of Asia or Africa.

000000001

09.11.1871

00000

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1

The Ordinance refers solely to white persons as regards both the solemniser and the marrying parties.

000030531

01.11.1883

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08812

SHAH, Munnalal

1

Says Only he can stay in the Ashram who observes celibacy, Truth, non-violence, Non stealing, Non possession. who consider untouchability as sin who does physical labour cleans latrin spin and wear khadi regularly etc.

000000004

27.02.1884

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25

(1) The Transvaal to be called S. A. Republic (2) Remarking the boundaries (3) An Officer of the S. A.R. to replace the Secretary for Native Affairs. (4) Freedom to the Natives to travel under a pass system (5) Re-affirmation of freedom of trade, possession of property etc. to "Other than Natives". (6) Confirmation by the Natal Legislature

000000006

10.06.1885

00000

"BLANK"

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2

(1) No burger rights (franchise) (2)No fixed property ownership (3)Registration (4)Registration fee pound 25, - exempted in case of those already residing (5)For breach of '(3) pound. 10 to pound. 100 fine or 1 to 6 month's jail (6)Reservation of Locations for residence (not for trade)

000000007

12.08.1886

00000

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1

To no ownership of fixed property add "except only in such Locations (etc.) as the Government" for purposes of sanitation" shall assign to live in . To" Government. has the right to reserve Locations etc." add" for purposes of sanitation [for Law No.3 1885, see SN 6]

000000008

01.08.1887

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

4

If more than five Coloured families are found living together outside Locations without permission the white employer shall be fined 10 shs per family.

000029831

06.11.1888

00000

"BLANK"

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Receipt of pound 100 deposit for G's admission to Inner Temple for Law education.

000029833

06.11.1888

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

1

G's Declaration for admission to the society of Inner Temple.

000006070

19.02.1889

13185

LEITNER (Dr.)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Pandit Dhurva has left some papers with Dr. Lietner, which Dhurva wishes to be sent to you for publication in a cheap press May I send them?

000000008

13.05.1889

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

A Treasury Department announcement that Arabs are legally entitled to have licences.

000000008

13.05.1889

00000

"BLANK"

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1

An extremely Vigorous plea for fair play and justice to the Indian merchant-miscalled out of contempt and ignorance-the Coolie trader. Also a fitting tribute to Indian Civilisation. The whole articles worth a perusal

000000008

13.05.1889

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Sarcastic remarks against "white" women who patronise Arab shops and white girls who demean themselves by being saleswomen of prosperous Arab traders.

000005554

24.06.1889

00000

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1

Original receipt of Mahmad Nameji for 3 pound under Law three of 1885, probably entitled as proof or residence.

000000009

16.05.1890

00000

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1

The Asiatic resident shall be enregistered in a special register.

000000065

17.05.1890

00000

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2

Kaffirs (etc) forbidden to hunt animals, with permission can shoot birds damaging their own Crops.

000000010

17.05.1890

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1

Resolved that Government is instructed to apply Law III of 1885, stringently & to submit measures against eluding same next year.

000029698

30.07.1890

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2

List of pass candiates of England's Matric Examination uncludes G's name passing by II class through private tution.

000003593

05.10.1890

13472

MADANJIT V.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

3

I have secured promises from peasants of pound 65 to be recovered at harvest time. Please do come to yourself here and the funds are sure to swell. [Note: The Writer Shri.Madanjit seems to be the same person who was witness and interpreter.]

000030752

07.02.1891

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

1

 

000029832

28.05.1891

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

1

G's declaration as a student before call to the Bar. Proposed by A.G.Macton a Bencher.

000031256

26.05.1892

00000

"BLANK"

08975

GAZETTE

1

Notification allowing M.K. Gandhi Bar at Law, to practise in the courts of Kathiawar Political Agency subject to restrictions notified in years 1878 & 1879.

000000011

20.06.1892

00000

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4

(1) Additional members in the central council from 10 to 16. (2) the Governor General-in-council to make regulations re: conditions of nominations by the Governor- General, Governors etc.

000000012

05.08.1892

00000

"BLANK"

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2

(1) The Government shall see that no Asiatic carries on business in towns (i.e.. outside locations)(2) Shops erected after 1889 to be removed for thwith. (3) Those before 1889 to be removed after expiry of contract.

000025886

05.09.1892

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

07440

PATWARI RANCHHODBHAI

4

As my brother is not in favour I have postponed going abroad to practice. I would however like to have some literary work. I requested you to lend some money but I know you cannot spare the amount. My caste opposition is great but I do not mind.

000023932

27.10.1892

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

08288

RIPON (Lord)

2

Copy of a telegram forwarded to Lord Ripan refers to a claim unpaid.

000023942

06.11.1892

07954

BRITISH GOVERNMENT

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

3

Asks for further details states that Transvaal is not British Territory.

000023937

07.12.1892

10404

HAJEE MOHMAD HAJEE DADA & CO.

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

2

Our office in Transvaal is asked to move into segregated area (location) and we are told that no locenses will be issued to trade in the towns. Please take up the question as it is a question of life and death of the Indian community.

000000014

15.12.1892

00000

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1

Printed duplicate of SN 13 L.N.3 of 1892.

000000013

15.12.1892

00000

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1

Sir W. Wragg thanked for allowing Muslims to substitute salaaming for doffing turbans, and thus respecting Muslim religious susceptibilities.

000000015

10.01.1893

00000

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1

At least 2 classes for whites and 1 for blacks. Coloured persons not allowed to travel by the former.

000000017

08.03.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12186

RESIDENT MAGISTRATE NGUTU

1

Application for a general storekeeper's Licence. The firm is well known and is a strong party. It is prepared to pay any fees demanded by Law.

000000018

15.03.1893

12186

RESIDENT MAGISTRATE NGUTU

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

1

Application rejected.

000000019

22.03.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12186

RESIDENT MAGISTRATE NGUTU

1

Kindly furnish grounds for refusal of licence.

000000020

28.03.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12186

RESIDENT MAGISTRATE NGUTU

1

Reminder of SN 19, since there was no reply.

000000021

07.04.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12187

OSBORN, M. (RESIDENT COMMISSIONER)

1

Since Resident Magistrate has not replied to my two letters (SNs 19 & 20 ), I hereby repeat my application. Under what authority do your subordinates refuse licence to British Subjects ?

000000022

08.04.1893

12186

RESIDENT MAGISTRATE NGUTU

12183

TATHAM, R. H. ADVOCATE

1

Discretion vested with me to grant or refuse licence. Not obliged to give reasons for refusal.

000000023

12.04.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12188

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER ESHOWE

1

I draw your attention to R. M.'S refusal to give licence specially his refusal to give even reasons for such refusal in his letter (SN 22.)

000000024

28.04.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12188

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER ESHOWE

1

Please reply to my letters. (SNs. 21 & 23.)

000000026

08.05.1893

12190

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER ESHOWE, Secretary

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

2

Resident magistrate acted within the discretion ary powers vested in him; he has often exercised them in cases of trading licences for Europeans also.

000000025

08.05.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12189

GOVERNOR-GENERAL, Secretary to

2

The whole correspondence enclosing annexures A to H, forwarded to H.E. With a prayer that (1) the officers be directed to display the ordinary courtesy of reply to professional men, (2) the Licence be, granted (3) or at last, reasons for refusal be given so that they may be removed.

000000027

11.05.1893

12188

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER ESHOWE

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

2

The Resident Magistrate acted within the rights refusing Licence.

000000028

12.05.1893

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

12189

GOVERNOR-GENERAL, Secretary to

2

No reference in your letter (SN 27) to refusal to give reasons for rejection of Licence application. My clients are thus condemned unheard. It is against the policy of British Government, and British Magistrate to refuse privileges without giving the subjects an opportunity to remove objections. Pray ask the Magistrate to give reasons for his order.

000000029

16.05.1893

12130

ALMER W.M.

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

2

It his with the Magistrate to give or refuse to give grounds for refusal of Licence . H.E. sees no reason to interfere:

000000030

16.05.1893

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Verses on :- " O say ! Have you seen, a thing black and lean, a Long way from clean"-etc.

000000016

19.05.1893

12183

TATHAM, R. H. ADVOCATE

12184

MOOSA H.CASSIM

6

I have exhausted (by correspondence) all local means to get a Licence or even to learn reasons for refusal. The refusal being unjust and illegal the Home Government must be approached for redress.

000000064

22.08.1893

12201

GARLAND, T. W.

00000

"BLANK"

2

Coolie labour was and is useful for the Colony but he must be repatriated after time-expiry.

000000031

08.09.1893

00000

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2

(1) Coloured people to be strictly confined to locations for both business and residence. (2) Every Chinese to carry a pass with a pound 25 stamp and renew it annually. (3) Breach of '(2)' would mean pound 25 fine and 1 month's simple or rigorous jail , for the first offence. for the second, banishment.

000000032

08.09.1893

00000

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2

Duplicate of the above ( SN 31.)

000000033

15.09.1893

00000

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2

The Coolie is not an unmixed evil who should not be imported henceforth. But he must be distinguished from the Indian Trader who is "the real canker. eating into the vitals of our society"- "the parasite " who must be rooted out.

000000035

15.09.1893

00000

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2

H. Bale, a candidate, objected on the ground that the principle of Ballot Act was violated thereby. The application was rejected , without costs, on the ground that facilities must be given to Indians if they are voters.

000000034

15.09.1893

00000

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4

73 Indians were added in a revised List, after the first list was put on the court notice-board. This was illegal, contended the applicants. The application was with drawn with consent as otherwise the whole list would be declared null and void , and the elections would be postponed indefinitely.

000000036

16.09.1893

00000

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1

" I am that unfortunate barrister, but I am not Mr. Pillay, nor am I a B. A." Gandhi

000000037

19.09.1893

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1

If the Indian is a British Subject, so is the Kaffir; so, Just as there are special restrictions for the Kaffir, there should be same for the Indians also we should be disabled from voting unless he proves Living in European style for at least 7 Years. To protect the whites from the 'semi-barbarous ,Indian, a league of the kind is necessary.

000000038

23.09.1893

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

11014

NEW AGE, THE, Editor

2

(1) If Indian Traders ruin their creditors, the Insolvency Law should be amended, rather than banish the Indian trader . The European also often takes advantage of the Law. (2) That he is given goods on credit by the white traders shows that he is not as bad as painted by you. (3) If the small white traders is driven out of market, it only shows the superior competence of the Indian trader. (4) Is it Semi- barbarism to Live a simple frugal life-to be peaceful and Law-abiding and not meddle in political turmoils ? Their very virtues, such as their abstinence from drink have became the cause of hatred. Is it Christian to hate ?

000000039

27.09.1893

00000

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3

Ladysmith Indians appealed against the decision of R. Magistrate, Ladysmith. The case was referred to the Resident Magistrate for evidence of facts. The Chief issue :- Whether the Magistrate trying cases under special Laws for Indians Ipso facto constituted " Special Courts"? If they did Indians would be automatically debarred from voting under section 6 Law 2 of 1883. The counsels for Indians contended that the only special court for Indians was that of the Protector of Immigrants, abolished in 1891.

000000041

28.09.1893

12191

WALTER HELY HUTCHINSON GOVRNOR

12192

ARABS OF NATAL

1

Thanks. Your community, as well as other classes will receive due consideration

000000040

28.09.1893

00000

"BLANK"

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3

Since there are many special laws for Indians the Magistrate should be considered as constituting special courts when they try case under such laws. Any way, if the present Law is found defective, special Laws disqualifying Indians from voting should be passed.

000000044

30.09.1893

12193

WINDHAN, SECY.TO ZULULAND

12185

TATHAM, R. H.

3

The Colonial Secretary states that he sees no reason to interfere in the matter of Licence The Magistrate should have discretionary powers to grant or refuse licences with or without giving reasons. The Governor is directed (by the Col. Secretary) to point out that your application re: forbidding Indians to use their own lands for trading purposes is inapplicable to the Subject of your complaint".

000000043

30.09.1893

00000

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1

A kaffir convicted of 3 months and 10 lashes for seduction of a native girl. The Magistrate :- Did you learn this from the Mission Station ? 20 or 30 Years before it was unknown.

000000042

30.09.1893

00000

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2

(1) Durban Mayor's welcome address and sir W'.s reply. (2) Mr. Amod Tilly's (Indians) welcome address :- "We bespeak consideration to wards our community" Sir W's reply.

000000045

30.09.1893

12194

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS MEMBERS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Thank you for your Labours in sending petition, re: trading Licences in Zululand.

000000046

02.10.1893

00000

"BLANK"

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1

Both the Durban case and the Ladysmith case decided in favour of Indians,- but upon technical irregularities not upon general principles, which are thus left unsettled. The franchise law should be amended so as to quality only those who can write their names in only European Language-as in Cape Colony.

000000047

03.10.1893

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

2

No possibility of "Coolie" vote swamping the European Vote as, not traders, but poor Labourers from the vast majority of Indians -and these can never hope to possess the required requisite property, to be voters , the Indian traders are mostly temporary residents,- (2) also because Indians are not "politically minded." (3) The word "civilization" must be defined before condemning Indians as semi-barbarous. (4) The Queen's Proclamation of 1858 has conferred an equal status to Indians. (5) India has in the past produced eminent men also now. For such reasons the vote should not be withheld.

000000048

07.10.1893

12196

M.L.A.

12197

TIMES, THE, Editor

1

Mr. Palmer requests contribution for expenses incurred for the Durban election application. But why should I pay ? Is it a joke or a cheek by Mr. Palmer ? Why no publication of the accounts of the bill of pound 48 in respect of which subscription is requested. ?

000000049

17.10.1893

12198

'WHITE'

12199

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

2

Native insolence increasing Equality of man is a dangerous and harmful doctrine. stern measures must be taken to avert great danger.

000000051

18.10.1893

00000

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1

Disfranchisement is a bad and an unstatesman like policy.

000000050

18.10.1893

00000

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1

One bill provides for disenfranchisement of every person of Asiatic, Indian or Polynesian descent.

000000052

18.10.1893

00000

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3

The appeal to the High Court in the breach of promise of marriage case dismissed as the court has no jurisdiction over a sovereign travelling incognito or in any other shape.

000032368

19.10.1893

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00039

NATAL MERCURY

3

Ref. to Bale's Bill in the Gazette, disfranchising Asiatics. In number the Indian population equals the Eurpean population in Natal. It is a serious thing to keep the Indians off the voters' roll. Indians are brought in Natal to settle there: They are law abiding citizens, belonging to the British Empire: In many respects, they may be inferior to the Europeans. But it is wrong to keep them off the voters' roll. The problem of the Indians in Natal (about 4000 in number) should be solved in a more statesmanlike manner.

000000053

08.11.1893

00000

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1

Fined 10 shs. or 15 days on the testimony of 2 native policemen in spite of the Indian's denial that he had created noise. The Indian should learn how to behave before his superiors. The magistrate was thus teaching him a necessary lesson.

000000055

08.11.1893

00000

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1

Possibility of a tussle in future between the white and the coloured. (2) Immigration of Indian Coolies should be restricted and time-expired coolies repatriated (3) There should be a Location Act as in Transvaal. (4) High educational and property qualifications should be kept for voters. "Let the franchise be a reward of Civilisation".

000000054

08.11.1893

00000

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1

Pound 1 Fine or 1 month's imprisonment

000000058

14.11.1893

00000

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3

He Prayed for Pound. 100 damages and deposed that though Lawfully entitled to travel by 2nd Class, he was twice ejected from it, abused, threatened and roughly handled.

000000057

14.11.1893

00000

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2

The Governor Promised to try his best to abide by the constitution. The Premier said that the transition to the popular government was easily effected because the Governor was loyal to the spirit of the Constitution.

000000056

14.11.1893

00000

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3

S. A. Republic can make a treaty with Swaziland for the Latter's administration without incorporating it (Swaziland) in S. A. Republic provided. (1) Swazi Laws re: inheritance etc. to be in force. (2) Swazi natives to manage their own internal affairs. (3) All British Subjects to continue to enjoy property Rights etc. just like burghers of S. A. Republic. (4) All Whites to have franchise (5) The Volksraad (Natal Parliament) to ratify the treaty.

000000059

15.11.1893

12200

"CARBON"

12182

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

The Co. is justified because:- (1) It does not thereby displace the 20 white men in employ. (2) The white unemployed will not care to work along with the coolies. (3) Native Labour is unreliable and unsteady.

000000060

15.11.1893

00000

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1

We still maintain our position though we realise the difficulty

000000061

15.11.1893

00000

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1

Local bodies should impose prohibitive Licence fee for the "Wily filthy" Hindoo Hawkers etc. He cannot Live except his dirty way.

000000063

24.11.1893

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1

A just verdict. The coolie must be distinguished from the educated Indian. Treatment towards him must be a little better.

000000062

24.11.1893

00000

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1

The Arab was rightly granted damages; but special separate arrangement must be made for the Arab.

000000066

04.02.1894

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1

(1) 28 cities with more than 1,00,000 persons. (2) 2/3 do subsist on agriculture (3) Poor progress in Literacy etc.

000000067

19.02.1894

00000

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3

10 lashes for the first offence against a new law is severe but some special law is necessary as the native understands only firmness. The newly arrived Englander spoils natives by indulgence and talk of equality.

000000068

06.03.1894

00000

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2

A Madras paper affirms that while the Chinaman deserves contempt etc., the Indian does not because of his qualities : `Comment by the press'. "We do not want the Coolie" for good and solid reasons.

000000069

09.03.1894

12202

BRITISH S.A.CO., Agent

00281

MIAKHAN, Adamji (Beira)

1

"Great objection to Indians, sentiment of settlers opposed" Dr. Harris" reply by wire:

000000070

05.04.1894

00000

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4

After narrating the whole history of anti-Indian legislation, the leader affirms that the High Court judgement of 1888 clearly lays down that the Indian can neither trade nor live except in locations. The Indian Community is, the leader says " a large body of uncleanly citizens with whom syphilis, leprosy etc. are common diseases and hideous immorality a matter of course".

000000071

06.04.1894

00000

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1

The Government is busily preparing its case for submission to the arbitration.

000000072

12.04.1894

00000

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1

It is our Colonial enemies that interfere and not the British Government, in our dealings with the 'wily' Indian. The Natal Government tries to restrict dwelling of not the dealing of 'other than natives.'

000000074

18.04.1894

00000

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4

Based on an 'understanding' with the Government of India. Either repatriation or re-indenture with free passage to India. But doing neither, not a criminal offence.

000000073

18.04.1894

00000

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1

A bill is proposed to abolish its annual contribution of pound 10,000, for the immigration of Indians proposed Bill.

000000075

26.04.1894

00000

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1

The proposed abolition of pound 10,000/- contribution is a good measure which will bring Natal in close harmony with sister Colonies.

000000076

28.04.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12204

INDIANS IN ENGLAND

1

Please join & help the Vegetarian Society for various reasons specified in the letter.

000000077

28.04.1894

00000

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1

Gandhiji's efforts from far off South Africa shows what persistence vegetarian Indians have.

000000078

28.04.1894

00000

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1

Indian children should be admitted to Government schools only when their own schools are full and even than only when they are capable of going up to higher standards.

000000079

05.05.1894

00000

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1

A private Letter by Gandhiji reproduced in the "Vegetarian." It states that it is easy to convert a child to vegetarianism as he was able to do in one case.

000000080

09.05.1894

00000

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1

Though uneasiness certainly exists in India on account of depreciation of currency it is not such as to cause revolt.

000000081

14.05.1894

00000

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1

Arguments by Government in Government application for an order restraining Dada abdoola from removing his books and papers from Pretoria.

000000082

28.05.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Though a revolt seems improbable, nothing is impossible in the East where conjunction of stars etc are cogent reasons. Asia has always succeeded in spitting Europeans out.

000000083

09.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

A clerk charged by Dada Abdoola with perjury, falsity, and fraud in order to help Tyabji.

000000084

14.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The clerks arrested and bailed (see the above letter)

000000086

22.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

A debate on an important Bill . The Premier said that Indians were unfit for and did not desire franchise, hence this bill with holding franchise.

000000088

22.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The paper approves of the Government action in stopping the grant of pound. 10,000. It is against taxing free Indians.

000000085

22.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

Report of debate in the Legislative Assembly on the bill to stop pound. 10000 Govt grant for the immigration of Indian labour.

000000087

22.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

2nd reading of the Bill passed It allocates Govt's power to a Board, as the Indian question was to he kept out of party politics.

000000089

25.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

For various reasons specified in the leader, the paper approves of the Bill. "Their Civilization is effete."

000000090

26.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Supporting the measure, the paper asserts that Indians neither desire nor deserve franchise.

000000093

28.06.1894

12181

TATHAM, F. S.

00284

ABDOOLA, Dada

1

The present Bill has my support. Indians who are already voters should not be dis franchised.

000000096

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

Referred to a Select Committee including representatives of various views.

000000095

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

The paper approves of the rejection by the casting Vote of the Chairman of committees of the Civil Service Bill which sought to reserve the Civil Services to whites. It fears that the inclusion of a suspension clause in the franchise Bill is ominous. It may mean rejection of the entire Bill in future:

000000097

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Report of the debate in the assembly on the Bill, which was thrown-out by the casting vote of the chair.

000000091

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Third reading postponed for a day in view of the telegrams from Indians. The Premier's speech at the time. The proposed tax on free Indians would make them work.

000000092

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Bill passed the Committee stage Amendments to extend the Bill to municipalities and to give retrospective effect were dropped.

000000094

28.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A petition of Indians was presented to both the Houses to show the fitness of Indians for franchise and to urge the appointment of a Commission to inquire in to the fitness. Substance of important petition is also given.

000000101

29.06.1894

12181

TATHAM, F. S.

00000

"BLANK"

3

A review and an indication of the matter of the book. Negro domination in West Indies etc. shows his utter incapacity to be a moral and civilised being.

000000098

29.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Proceeding in the Legislative Council:- a petition on behalf of the Indians against the Bill was presented but it was not received as it was not constitutionally presented. In the assembly also a petition signed by 500 Indians was presented. The third reading was postponed on that account.

000000102

29.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

He did not remove his cap to respect the House and did not vacate his seat for the ladies. These things go against him.

000000103

29.06.1894

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I forward a copy of the petition to the Premier ( to the Home Government ?)

000000099

29.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The paper supports the Bill but regrets that it was not extended to municipalities. "Rammysammy is very well as grower or purveyor of vegetables, but he is an unsanitary nuisance and an undesirable citizen."

000000100

29.06.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Though ably put, it ignores the differences in civilization which make their institutions distinct from ours in thought and action.

000000104

02.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Petition to the Home Government need not be painted. It must be forwarded in triplicate through the Governor.

000000104

02.07.1894

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

Petition to the Home Government need not be painted It must be forwarded in triplicate through the Governor.

000000110

03.07.1894

12206

VOTER, A

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

"Neither in (Hindoos') theology nor in literature is there a single passage indicating love of liberty" The Anglo-Saxon race alone knows anything of freedom.

000000106

03.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

History shows Indians never exercised franchise "The British Subject" plea can as well apply to Negroes. Indian coolies are fit only as" hewers of wood".

000000109

03.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Tatham charged with breach of election promises by an Indian meeting. The meeting also proposed the formation of an Association to protect Indian rights.

000000107

03.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The paper supports the Bill. It Indians could usurp (the Bill) the Government;" it would be a political disaster."

000000105

03.07.1894

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The Deputations Letter to the Premier has received due consideration.

000000108

03.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Tatham strongly supported the Bill in the Assembly The Government were unable to postpone the measure:

000000111

04.07.1894

12181

TATHAM, F. S.

12207

MOHMAD H. DADA, H.

1

Though I objected to disfranchisement of all those Indians who were on the roll already, I distinctly avowed my support for it with holding of franchise from other Indians.

000000112

04.07.1894

12208

CAMPBELL, A. M. (M.L.C.)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

On the ground that there were references to the Other House and on other grounds the petition was not considered.

000000117

05.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Sir H. Lock, the Queen's representative, assured Indians that their case would receive due attention

000000116

05.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The petition is published Verbatim but it is incomplete, the letter columns of the paper being missing. It was not received as it contained references to the Lower House.

000000115

05.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

After speeches by various speakers in support of the Bill, it passed the 3rd reading.

000000113

05.07.1894

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

There is no rule preventing transmission of a printed petition to the Home Government.

000000114

05.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Report of the speeches in the legislative Council No body opposed the Bill and its 2nd reading was passed.

000000119

06.07.1894

12209

NATAL INDIANS

12210

L. C., Honourable members of

6

Various objections to the Franchise Law Amendment Bill are pointed out in the petition, which, however, was dismissed on the ground of Late presentation.

000000126

06.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A Questionnaire :- (1) Is the Law just (2) Is it perfect (3) Is the Indian incapable of ever becoming a full citizen ? This and the reply (SN 125 ) are on the 2 pages of the same sheet.

000000125

06.07.1894

12211

SYMONS, John N.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

To know the pros and cons of the question a perusal of the report of discussion held in Durban when Indians were first enfranchised is useful.

000000124

06.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Some natives (those not disqualified ) have a greater Claim than Indians, "with reproachable trade methods, no public spirit and unsanitary habits".

000000118

06.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Asiatic powers represented along with British High Officials.

000000123

07.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The annual meeting passed several resolutions including one demanding an Extradition Law for deserting coolies.

000000128

07.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

4

Adverse but able criticism of the Indian Petition. Sir G. Chesney is cited here to controvert sir H. Maines' eulogies of India.

000000122

07.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

See SN 119 :Incomplete report.

000000121

07.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The Trust Board was made a semi-independent body (to keep the Indian question beyond the pale of party politics) 2nd reading passed.

000000120

07.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Petition is an "excellent presentation" of the Indian Case, but it does not convince. Instead warns us against the future competition by 2,00,000,000, natives.

000000129

09.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

After a brief resume of the Indian agitation, the report reproduces the Circular (SN 126) and ridicules it. It further says that Indians showed complete luck of chivalry in not vacating their seats for ladies.

000000130

11.07.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12199

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

"It was a treat to read your learned and able leader", but there are always 2 sides. Please try rather to unite, than to divide the 2 races -European and Indian.

000000131

11.07.1894

12213

FORSTER, S.E. (PVT.SECY.GOVERNOR)

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Governor sees no justification to withhold his assent, specially in view of the suspending clause.

000000132

12.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

If Indians adopt European Civilization we have objection to their enfranchisement. There are few Gandhis among Indians in Natal.

000023870

14.07.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

2

Informs that the Frenchise law amendment bill has been passed and that it now awaits approval by her Majesty's Govt; that a petition to the latter will be submitted soon and that if approval is given to the bill, Indians will be hit very hard.

000000133

22.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Parental and filial affection is far greater in India than in England. Children are killed for insurance money in England.

000023871

27.07.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

08271

NAOROJI, Dadabhai

4

Informs that the petition to Home Government has been sent. Clears certain mistatements. The intention of the Govt is to insult. and disable Indians so that they cannot elect even Europeans. Government fear that they, if elected, might present Indian case and thus creat opposition that the Indian case and thuds creat opposition that the Natives is a false propaganda spread to frighten the Home Government in granting approval to the law. Fears, if sanction is given worse bills will be introduced.

000000134

28.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The new law will either drive away Rammy Sammy himself or his dirty habits. It follows in the wake of the Free state and Pretoria.

000000136

30.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

12214

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR COLONIES

16

The petition prays that the Bill be vetoed as it is unjust, and unwise and ranks the Indians as lower than the rawest native. Many cogent reasons are given in the petition.

000032370

30.07.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

1

Report of a case that occurred in which a pedlar of a Jeweller known as Luchiram, sold an article to a lady for 1 shilling. The lady paid one sovereign (1 pound) through mistake. The Jeweller found out the mistake and went to the lady concerned and returned the sovereign in exchange for 1 shilling. The idea that 'honesty is the best policy' is slowly spreading.

000000135

30.07.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The jeweller returned to the house of a lady customer to give back the 1 pound. given through mistake for 1 sh.

000000137

02.08.1894

00193

BIRD, C. [Principal Under-Secretary]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

2

The petition has been forwarded to the Colonial secretary (Rt Hon. Lord Ripon)

000000138

08.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The magistrate ruled that the onus of proof of their identity lay on the Indian voters objected to Judgement reserved.

000000140

11.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A Cape support to the Natal measure: "The Indian is not and is never likely to become fitted," for franchise.

000000139

11.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

This is a review of an article in "The New Review" The editor agrees with the writer of the article in his view that Colonisation is impossible without the help of "the mild docile, Kindly, thrifty, industrious, clever figured and sharp- witted Indian"

000000144

22.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

For a false charge against him a white sergeant did, not prosecute the 2 guilty Indians as "Indians were born and brought up liars" Editorial Comment "Indians are steeped in falsehood".

000000141

22.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

7

Names of office bearers and constitution and regulations of the Natal Indian Congress established on 22-8-1894.

000000142

22.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

5

Translation of the above (In Gujarati and Urdu)

000000145

27.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A resolution is to be moved in the Town Council providing for native barracks. and Indian locations if necessary under special police control.

000000143

27.08.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

A brief survey of and strong support to Indian agitation re: "this unjust, oppressive, retrograde and unconstitutional "act of Natal Parliament.

000000148

05.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The Natal law society opposed the application of the Attorney General on behalf of Gandhiji, but the chief justice overruled the objection.

000000146

05.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Insinuations that he is dis honest and the Indian agitation is a got up show.

000000147

05.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

The Natal law Society's real reason was the probability of loss of fees. The Society keeps alive the flame of bigotry and prejudice."

000000149

06.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Natal law Society's objection looks like a legal quibble perhaps it was raised because Gandhiji was not a white.

000000150

06.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Gandhiji has formed a body called the Natal Indian Congress. Really it is the Indian Protection Association.

000000151

08.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The Natal law Society has not added lustre to its some what doubtful prestige in opposing Gandhi's admission.

000000152

08.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

It is impossible to exclude coloured persons from learned professions in view of many precedents, viz, a Hindu M.P. (Dadabhoy). It is an anomaly that just when Indians are withheld franchise on the ground of want of intelligence, an Indian takes his seat as an advocate.

000000153

10.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The proposed Bill has popular support but details should be carefully worked out to make it a practical thing.

000000154

11.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

European has penetrated every native hut but not always for the native's good the green kaffir was moral and honest.

000000155

13.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The support of "The Times" London) is both un expected and gratifying. It asserts that there must be discrimination in Law against non- whites, and combats the argument of the Indian Petition. An important article.

000000157

18.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Reproduction of an article in Madras Standard which says that the Daily News (London) also agrees with its view that the plea of unsanitary habits of Indians is not genuine. The real reason is the fear of economic successful competition.

000000158

18.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

An Indian Association was formed in Pretoria, with 35 members on its roll The fee is 5 Shs.

000000156

18.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The "Daily Chronicle" (London) condition of mind is ridiculous. It say's when there are 'Native Member's of the Viceroy's Council "Natal cannot be permitted to ostracise Natives.

000032369

20.09.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00000

"BLANK"

1

Ref. to the Lawyers' first case in which Gandhiji appeared for the plaintiff, Dada Abdullah who claimed 263 pounds from Gopi Maharaj, whose lawyer was Mr. Robinson. Gandhiji won the case and deserved all congratulations.

000000159

20.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

He may congratulate himself on being on the winning side in his very first case. The suit was filed by his client Dada Abdoola as plaintiff.

000000160

21.09.1894

12215

MAHMAD ENUS

12216

CAPE TIMES, Editor

1

If Indians are to be dis enfranchised on the ground of want of education the Government should pass a general Law disqualifying all uneducated people.

000000161

21.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Duplicate of SN157

000000162

23.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"Ram Ram" writes in "The Times" that after one Indian has broken the ice, Other Indian barristers will follow. Indians are really becoming the gardeners of the Garden of South Africa.

000000164

24.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Report of a duet performance. " We had no squalid coolies then, " With Truthless tongues and artful ways" etc in the same strain.

000000163

24.09.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

There are white women who trump up false charges against kaffirs. The proposed stringent law of death penalty, will only defeat its purpose; as Magistrate will rather allow ten guilty persons to escape than see one innocent person suffer death.

000000165

26.09.1894

12217

ROYAPPEN, JOSEPH

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

2

"We would certainly have been butter-off in India, than here: Educational facilities are not denied there as here, and so we would have risen far higher there than we ever can here: "

000000166

06.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

"The Daily Chronicle" (London), hopes that the Bill will he consigned to the waste- paper basket by Lord Ripon, the Colonial Secretary. "

000000167

16.10.1894

12218

OSMAN, Dada

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Has the Congress Constitution been published in Gujarati ? Send us authorisation to collect sub scriptions etc.

000000168

19.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The English Press on the whole supports us. For instance St.. James Budget puts a poser to sir w. Wedderbur, the Champion of the Indian cause.

000000170

20.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

As a Home Ruler, he would be reluctant to interfere in the affairs of a self-governing Colony. On the other hand his friendship with India is well known.

000000169

20.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Condemns the correspondent who gave grue some details of Boer cruelty to animals and Kaffirs, and saw that the Boers wanted to annex Swaziland, because, "the maidens are comelier than the Basutos of the North".

000000171

22.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

3

It is "mendacious rubbish" to say that Indians are robbed, assaulted, etc. It is a brief reproduction of The leader of "The Times of India "and its comments.

000000172

24.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A 'Verbatim' reproduction of a letter in English written by an Indian-to ridicule "Babu English"

000000173

26.10.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12219

TIMES OF NATAL, Editor

1

Does not the heading itself betray studied Contempt ? Can you reconcile your attitude with the Bible and the best British traditions. ?

000000174

26.10.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The word was used for the lowest Indian G. misrepresents us, makes a parade of Christianity and does his best to be offensive.

000000175

06.11.1894

12218

OSMAN, Dada

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Under takes to collect subscription from those who are unwilling to pay membership fees. Remits his own fees for 4 Months.

000000176

12.11.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12220

NAYAR (Mr.)

2

G. suggests a reply to "the Star"-The silent and Christian Charity of Indians is well known as seen by the provision recently made for 100 Indian immigrants.

000000178

12.11.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Demands of up country employer's meeting : (1) 9 hours and extra work in emergency cases. (2) 4 hours instead of 2 on Sundays and Holidays.

000000177

12.11.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

2

Sentence against Camroodin for pound 10 fine for contempt of court in taking out neither shoes nor turban was quashed. Magistrates shall be satisfied with "Salaams".

000000179

15.11.1894

12221

GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA

00259

GOVERNOR OF NATAL

3

Report of the official despatch from India to Natal New terms for coolies are accepted by Government of India. By one of these the coolie is either to be repatriated or reindentured. An Important despatch.

000000180

15.11.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A Report of a speech by Mr. Hulett. "As the new conditions impose an extra burden of free passage on the employers, the Government of Natal should renew its pound 10000 grant.

000000181

20.11.1894

00927

POST MASTER GENERAL

00284

ABDOOLA, Dada

1

The matter is under consideration.

000000182

24.11.1894

12223

CAMROODIN, M.SGAD

12224

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS, Committee of

2

I am a poor man and so request you to pay my court expenses. My success is a battle won for India.

000000185

28.11.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

The maxim that a person is presumed to be innocent till he is found guilty is often not applied to coloured persons Native constables very often misuse their powers.

000000184

28.11.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Advertisement of some Theosophical books for sale by "M.K. Gandhi, Agent for the Esoteric Christian union and London Vegetarian Society.

000000183

28.11.1894

12225

GREENACRE HARVEY G.&MERCHANT

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I shall meet the Deputation to-morrow in response to your letter regarding election.

000000188

29.11.1894

12227

P.P.DAVIS & SONS

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

1000 copies of pamphlets pound. 12-10-0 and rates for other work

000000187

29.11.1894

12226

JONES, J. ('NATAL MERCURY')

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks for the order We shall give you final proof sheets also for final correction.

000000186

29.11.1894

12226

JONES, J. ('NATAL MERCURY')

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

Tenders for printing 1000 copies of an "Open Letter" to all whites (?) pound. 6 net.

000000189

02.12.1894

00231

HABIB, Haji

12228

NATAL INDIAN CONGRESS, Secretary

3

Please help us by contributing pound. 200 out of the estimated expenses of pound 700 of the Counsel for Indians in the case.

000000190

03.12.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12182

NATAL MERCURY, Editor

1

The books give a complete answer to the eternal question "Mankind -whence whither and what? They are sold cheap

000000190

03.12.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Books give a complete answer to the eternal questions. "Mankind-Whence, Whither and what ?" They are sold cheap.

000000191

03.12.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

 

000000191

05.12.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

A welcome address was given by the Mayor on behalf of the Town Council and burgesses Durban.

000000193

06.12.1894

00351

INDIAN, An

12195

NATAL ADVERTISER, Editor

1

There should be no relaxation, as proposed by some Indians, in the liquor laws for Indians. Fresh-Comers from India do not drink. They learn it from the Natal Civilisations.

000000192

06.12.1894

12229

PRICE, C. P. [COURT HOUSE]

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

My Subject will be "The moral principles of the Temperance movement". please ensure a good audience.

000000194

08.12.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

"BLANK"

1

Almost everyday a coolie woman helplessly drunk may be seen taken to Police-station. Access to the public bar by women should be legally prevented.

000000195

11.12.1894

00000

"BLANK"

00000

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2

Conditions : 5 years, 'contract, free rations, free return passage, starting pay 10 shs. etc.

000000196

13.12.1894

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3

An interesting report of the Immigration Officer. Indentured Indians more than quadrupled in 18 years. They are happy and prosperous. Their increase in their number should be stopped. But abrupt stopping of coolie immigration is not wise, but natives should be trained to minimise immigration.

000000197

14.12.1894

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1

Demand for Indian Labour goes up and up. we are thus faced with a serious situation The solution lies in drawing upon the free Indians and training the native Labour.

000000198

14.12.1894

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2

The report goes out of its way when it praises the coolie as a colonist also and is wrong in saying that he is Law-abiding.

000000199

15.12.1894

12223

CAMROODIN, M.SGAD

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GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thanks for a cheque for pound 5-13-11 1/2 being 25% of my expenses in appeal

000000200

17.12.1894

12232

BHAYAT, Ahmad

12231

GANDHI, M. K. (N.I.C. Secretary)

1

List of persons who contributed in all pounds 4-5-0. A cheque for the amount was also sent along with.

000000201

19.12.1894

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

12233

LEADING EUROPEANS OF NATAL

1

An appeal to rouse the European conscience against ill-treatment of Indians, to the clergyman, to the merchant ,to the Lawyer, etc. Reply on the same page dt..19-1-95 by some one "Damn rot, they are not badly treated. Have had Indians for years and never a case in court.

000000202

19.12.1894

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1

Gandhiji is ridiculed in this note about his statement that the books provide "a complete and satisfactory answer" to humanity's eternal problems.

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21.12.1894

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1

Comments on a report that stables were turned into a 'coolie shanty 'at one place: The coolie is as dirty and filthy a human being ,as one could wish to see, the further away he lives the better.

000000204

26.12.1894

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2

Gandhiji writes "forcibly moderately and well portions of this able defence are quoted with adverse comments by the Editor. According to him the real question is the superiority of the white to the black.

000000205

27.12.1894

12234

RANAND, Eugene, ADVOCATE

00001

GANDHI, M. K.

1

I am sorry I have no time to deal properly with this important question, but my sympathies are with you.

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28.12.1894

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1

The speaker applauds the withdrawal of the "9 O'clock Bill" (which would have conferred upon the natives the right to carry arms )and supports the Franchise Law Amendment Bill as the best measure: etc.

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28.12.1894

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1

The Coolies drain the wealth of the Colony.

000000208

29.12.1894

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4

The fault for contempt towards the Indian is his own If he is a coolie he has' bestial habits, if he is a free merchant he undercuts the white dealer by dishonest means, etc., in the same strain 'This Letter is important as it gives more then any other the gist of Gandhiji's Open letter which is mesSingh.

               

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