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Correspondence  > 1909

Correspondence: 1909
 

Serial no.

Date

From no.

From Person

To no.

To Person

Pages

Summary

000004914

09.01.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

3

A very clear concise statement giving cogent reasons for the two demands of Indians namely (1) Repeal of 1907 Act (2) Legal recognition of the right of Educated Indians to enter Transvaal.
000009526

16.01.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01806 GANDHI, Chanchalben

2

Informs her about his arrest release and intention to proceed to Johannesburg. Temporary separation from Harilal is for future welfare: So do not worry about present separation you and Manilal should share the entire household responsibilities. I consider you to be the real mistress of the house. God knows when Ba would recover. Do not forget the we are extremely poor.
000009527

16.01.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01806 GANDHI, Chanchalben

4

I am sorry you are not mentally happy. Do not conceal your feelings from me as to me you are my daughter rather than daughter-in-law. Separation ultimately leads to happiness. See the lives of India states.
000009533

20.01.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00633 GANDHI, Harilal

2

You alone can judge if the separation from your wife is for good or not. The Struggle may be prolonged.
000004915

26.01.1909

13748 CURZON (Lord) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

No time to receive your Deputation, but will gladly study a statement from you and then discuss with Botha and Smuts.
000004916

27.01.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13748 CURZON (Lord)

5

Deeply thankful for your interest in us, and we regret want of time Enclosed (1) Sir C. Bruce's Pamphlet (2) Petition (3) Statement.
000004917

27.01.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

3

We want (A) repeal as (1) Smuts promised it (2) Unworkability (B) Permission to immigrate as Prohibition on racial ground is a departure and against British constitution. We have suffered and will suffer as passive resisters till we succeed.
000004918

29.01.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00899 GANDHI, Maganlal K.

2

In the Herculean task of cementing Hindu-Muslim Unity, some one will have to sacrifice his body. I and you all would be fortunate souls, if I happen to be the one to sacrifice.
000004919

29.01.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

6

Statements by 4 prisoners regarding inhuman treatment in jail regarding food, clothing, hard work, closet, arrangements etc.
00009533A

30.01.1909

00633 GANDHI, Harilal 01806 GANDHI, Chanchalben

2

I shall come there in the next week ,.Ba's illness was serious yesterday.
000004921

01.02.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

2

Whatever other do, I for one will go on suffering jail to get justice for a part of my nation I am sorry I cannot be given as heavy a sentence as given to my compatriots.
000004920

02.02.1909

13748 CURZON (Lord) 12873 BRITISH INDIAN ASSOCIATION (Cachalia)

1

Very sorry for inability to meet you. Smuts is anxious to treat Indians fairly and liberally. I hope that there will be a satisfactory settlement after the unification of South Africa. I shall be happy to help.
000029101

25.02.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

1

Entry of Gandhiji's entree and discharge dates.
000009525

28.02.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01806 GANDHI, Chanchalben

1

Expresses satisfaction at Kasturba's recovery. advises her to read to Ba health literature and continue correspondence ask herself.
000004922

12.03.1909

13460 BUDREE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Please send all my and Jeram Singh's Title Deeds and power of Attorney given to Gandhiji, and deposit receipt: to prepare Income Tax and Land tax returns. I will send the papers after use.
000029088

25.03.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

10

The life of Brahmachari and of a Sanyasi are similar it is character which counts. Our lot is poverty and the poor alone is the blessed person. You have taken the sacred thread but personally I feel this is a hindrance in mixing with the rest. Meaning given by the modern Sanyasi like Swami Dayanand to the sacred books is different from that given by the orthodox people. I hesitate to accept the morden meaning I would like to,learn from him. Hope he will not leave South Africa before I am out of Jail. Request him to send me more literature in case he has to leave. Thanks Bhal Keshvaram for sending me the upanishads. How are ( then follow names of inmates of the phoniex ashram and of others) Then follow instructions regarding the Phoniex settlement) I have read and thought. I feel education does not mean a knowledge of letters only. You should not therefore feel worried if you do not get it in enough quality. Real education lies in building character ans ypu are having it. Do concentrate on Mathematics and Sanskrit and Music. Do take care of every pie and of every minute. Send copies of this letter to (names given) and send me your reply in details and also let me know what others say about this.
000004923

05.04.1909

13460 BUDREE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

You have not given the measurements of my lands and Jeram's 3rd Title Deed. What about my fixed deposit for Transvaal Indian Association.?
000004924

23.04.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13460 BUDREE

1

Natal office itself will supply you with the particulars regarding your lands. I have only 2 of Jeram's Title Deeds Deposit of pound 700/-
000004925

26.04.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

3

Sell of some Law books, the big safe etc. to free us from debt. Rajchandra is the best modern Indian much higher than Tolstoy in religious perception, having richer experience. Manilal is rightly dissatisfied. But we are in an experimental stage where first batch of the students have to be victims.
000004926

02.06.1909

04350 GODFREY, B.E. 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

1

We, registered British Indians intend to present a memorial. Please grant us an interview. We shall persuade Passive Resister.
000004930

06.06.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

1

(1) Sympathy with Passive Resisters (2) Appoint of a committee for a memorial praying for relief. [Also printed in '"Indian Opinion"' E. 267 dated 19-6-1909]
000004927

07.06.1909

00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY 04350 GODFREY, B.E.

1

Please furnish me with full particular regarding your committee, the personnel and their representation and the questions you will submit to us.
000004928

08.06.1909

14504 HOPEWOOD, Francis (Sir)(Colonial Office) 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

3

The Fire-arms Act of 1908 is not based on colour. No Asiatic of repute has been refused. Only petty employees will not be now given a temptation to sell arms to unworthy persons.
000005640

08.06.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

3

No position of the land can be transferred, etc to any 'Coloured' person who cannot reside on it. Breach may entitled confiscation.
000004929

09.06.1909

04350 GODFREY, B.E. 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

3

The committee represents registered Indians i.e. non-passive-resisters. Haji Habib, President etc. Objects (1) Relief for passive - resisters (2) High education test but legal equality (3) Repeal of the Asiatic Act no.2 of 1907.
000004938

14.06.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

2

Report a special committee of British Indians to decide on the personnel. Gandhi's proposal carried by a majority. 4 Delegates Haji Habib is included as he declares himself a passive - resister.
000004931

16.06.1909

00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY 13755 GODFREY, G. V.

1

Colonial Secretary agrees and will shortly arrange a date. Please furnish a statement regarding hardships from Act 36 of 1908 etc. [Registration Act].
000004932

17.06.1909

04350 GODFREY, B.E. 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

3

(1)1907 Act allowed a weeks' stay in Transvaal and this Act requires application for registration from outside and is inconvenient (2) 2 Thumb impressions for even educated man (3) No appeal to Supreme Court etc.
000004933

17.06.1909

13460 BUDREE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

'We all are ready on your behalf and we are sorry to hear the trouble of you'. We hope you are well.
000004934

19.06.1909

14505 TRANSVAAL BR.IND.CONCILATION COM 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

10

Enlargement of SN 4932, with some more details Prayer for release of prisoners. Repeal of 1907 Act. Education Test etc.
000026436

21.06.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

1

You all should practice utmost ecomony. Every purchase adds to our debts.
000032384

23.06.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 09262 WACHHA (Mr.)

1

Letter to Mr. Wachha, introducing Gandhiji's cousin Mr. C. K. Gandhi to him and requesting him to introduce him (C.K. Gandhi) to Sir Pherozshah Mehta and other leaders.
000004935

23.06.1909

00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY 14505 TRANSVAAL BR.IND.CONCILATION COM

2

Some minor points are given in as a relief but the minor point of repeal is rejected and Thumb impressions for Educated professionals to continue for applications for registration.
000004937

24.06.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

1

It appreciates sympathy but regrets the colonial Secretary refuses relief in genuine grievances, deplores requiring Thumb impression from educated Indians.
000004936

25.06.1909

14505 TRANSVAAL BR.IND.CONCILATION COM 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

4

Thanks for courtesy, but regrets that practically no relief from Act 36 of 1908 Granted. 2 points were promised but in the reply colonial Secretary has departed from his promise.
000026439

01.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

1

Stick to your work. Good you have taken to teaching. No hurry to come here:
000004939

03.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

I sail on Tuesday. There is a split between Durban Indian and Main Line Indian. A special Natal Deputation to England is proposed. Mille's (Mrs. Polak's) journey to England costs Pound 25 in excess of the grant.
000004940

09.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00899 GANDHI, Maganlal K.

4

We will reach London to-morrow. Suggest opening a Sanskrit Class for adults. Sanskrit is essential to Hindu. We (Indian) must make up for lost time. As long as desires remain they should be unselfish.
000004941

13.07.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I postpone my meeting him (as you are to meet him) for a week to avoid appearance of pressure what do you think ?
000004942

14.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

6

Your work in India is far more difficult than mine due to political murders. Nagappan's Death harries me but my advice remains. Ampthill is very honest Miss Winter bottom very helpful etc.
000004943

15.07.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I hope his death will bring home to Transvaal Government the cruel wrong they inflict I am glad you found Solomon interested ['Private'].
000004945

16.07.1909

13802 WINTERBOTTOM, Florence (Miss) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I greatly respect your need for rest. Whatever contributes to your efficiency pleases me. The question is how to help in your ethical struggle.
000004944

16.07.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I have asked for a few minute with him. I hope to call on you on Wednesday Wishing you all success.
000004946

16.07.1909

13762 ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

After my illness, I will see you and "Offer my humble services for the great cause you are so wonderfully performing".
000004947

17.07.1909

01015 LAWRENCE, V. 08295 RITCH, L. W.

1

Herewith please find copies which kindly distribute Trust you will do your best for Natal Indians.
000004948

18.07.1909

01835 WINTERBOTTOM, Florence (Miss) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I saw Lieutenant Vial who promises help to "our cause". Herewith the letter of introduction to Mr. Ramsay Macdonald. [Corresponding Secretary of "The Union of Ethical Societies"]
000004950

19.07.1909

14507 MAHOMAD KHAN 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

The full letter whose extracts are translated above. "I am only sorry I could not see your holy feet".
000004949

19.07.1909

14507 MAHOMAD KHAN 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

"I had hardly a bath during my 2 months Even new scale food is poor and insufficient. Old men above 60 have to tramp out etc.
000004951

20.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

1

On the eve of the S. A. Draft Act conference, we point out that the Transvaal Indian Question is still involving untold suffering. Two of the Deputies are in jail.
000004952

20.07.1909

13716 AMPTHILL (Lord) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

No use approaching Cape Minister, they have cooled down. You can plead your cause best. If you are refused we shall act.
000004954

21.07.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

I enclose herewith copies of further cablegrams supporting the British Indian Deputation at present here:
000004953

21.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

There is no doubt about it. I have already asked for interview to both. I suggest you see Cape Minister, (Merriman) in spite of his letter.
000004955

21.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

A Natal Deputation is coming but as the conference regarding South African Unification is going on, my committee request you to remember that Natal Indians are suffering and have great fears unless protected by the British Government.
000004956

22.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

2

We saw Mr. Stead, who will see Smuts. The banquet reminded me of the scene described by poets at banquets held by "Rakhsas" [Demons]
000004957

23.07.1909

14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Please first state the points you want to deal with, then Mr. Crewe may consider whether to grant interview or not.
000004958

24.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

2

Most non-passive-resisters wished us to place before you the position of British Indians to secure friendly intervention and avoid suffering.
000004959

24.07.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

I am convinced it is useless. I suggest drawing up a very brief and clear statement for circulation. Transvaal Government should signalise the unification by gracefully removing the Indian grievances.
000004961

26.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 10538 SECRETARY OF STATE

2

They are (1) Repeal (2) Status of educated Indians. There are others, but we suffer so much for the first two. Please secure a settlement regarding them.
000004963

26.07.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

1

Transvaal Government have been requested to report on the allegation regarding diet in jail and Nagappan's Death.
000004960

26.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

He was very sympathetic and promised to discuss with Smuts. Smuts gave an evasive reply to Sir R. Solomon. The statement is ready. Please see them as they can bring about a settlement.
000004962

26.07.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

In view of Transvaal Deputations arrival, I suggest holding a meeting. What is your view ?
000004966

28.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

Smuts delays appointment with Bhawanagree, probably to prevent public discussion. So S. A. British Indian committee's meeting should be called and my statement published. What is your view ? Please wire:
000004964

28.07.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

4

There is no agenda. It is unwise to bring pressure upon the Government when they are considering the S. A. Questions. S. A.Leader over estimate our strength. Let us not expose our weakness.
000004965

28.07.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

6

Will you be contented if your two demands are granted, or will you raise new demands ? High quarters suspect your complicity with Seditionist. What do you say ? Lord Curzon is working with me.
000004968

29.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

4

Passive Resister's test is self-suffering, not an infliction of suffering on others. I have most stoutly opposed sedition. If more than 6 Indians are excluded by administrative strictness-not legal ban-I shall be satisfied. [Last line torn out from 3 pages.]
000004969

29.07.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00157 GANDHI, M.K.

1

Have written fully in reply to your letter of yesterday.
000004967

29.07.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

5

You may make your choice, but my advice is not to publish now and let me gain our end by private negotiations. If you choose Sir M. Bhawangree's method, naturally I will stand aside. [confidential]
000004970

30.07.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

4

A Brief Report of all the work done in England after Gandhi's arrival. Millie's (Mrs. Polak's) arrival. I saw Mrs. Pankhurst. We have to learn much from these ladies and their movement.
000004971

30.07.1909

13730 DAPHTARY, K. R. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

We have arranged for his stay in the Taj. There is little enthusiasm here and colonial Secretary's replies have unnerved the Leaders here:
000004972

02.08.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 13776 KADIR, Abdul

4

Thanks for your contribution. The welfare of the Indian people at large is one main object, it makes no distinction regarding creed and relies for support from all Indians. I trust your efforts will be successful. Regards to Gandhi.
000004973

03.08.1909

14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

We are gratified to note that the Transvaal Government have been requested to furnish a report. Herewith '"Indian Opinion"' with affidavits on the matter.
000004974

03.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I wired in reply to your letter [SN4967]. Herewith '"Indian Opinion"' containing a petition from Madras Presidency and affidavit regarding Nagappan's death.
000004975

03.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

10

Some very useful suggestions in the draft statement. You definitely say you receive no money from 'Sedition Mongers'. But do they co-operate or advise you. I think not. ["Confidential"]
000004976

04.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

3

Ours is an entirely independent movement. Mr. Polak is instructed to be guided by "Times of India", Prof. Gokhale etc. [A very good exposition of passive Resistance].
000004977

04.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

8

What do you say to the charge that you raised the question of the status of educated Indian after the conference was over ? Can you assent to admission of 6 educated Indians by any means short of "right" ?
000004978

04.08.1909

13777 LIONEL 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

He will see you and your colleague on Tuesday the 10th instant at 3-30 P.M., here regarding the position of British Indians in Transvaal.
000004979

04.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

(1) Dates of each episode should be inserted in the memorandum (2) not status but occasional admission of educated Indian.
000004980

05.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

4

I advised "tremendous suffering" not for getting a few educated Indians admitted, but for the recognition of the right of legal equality.
000004984

06.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

My colleague and I will wait upon his lordship at the time mentioned.
000004982

06.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

Most of them have been embodied in the statement. If Sir G.Farrar approves of our demands Smuts will not object.
000004981

06.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

You are described as such. What a libel and compliment at once ! Things will be clear here in a few days.
000004983

06.08.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

2

Text of the original and proposed amendment. The letter gives discretion to the Immigration Officer to put different tests (of) to different persons.
000004987

07.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13497 AMEER ALI

2

We are to see Crewe and saw Morley. Natalians will do the same. Please write a note to sir Richard Solomon to remind him.
000004985

07.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your answer was just the one expected. I shall now be armed with certainty because of your very complete and can-did explanation.
000004986

07.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I will try to get your proposed amendments accepted. Your stand regarding "right" is proper but makes compromise difficult. Your Statement regarding no new departure regarding educated Indian is quite convincing.
000004988

08.08.1909

13779 ABOOBAKER 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Hindus against Congress [Natal Indian Congress]. In short your 20 years work is effaced. Wire if appeal advisable ?
000004990

09.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

I suggest that the Immigration Act may have a further amendment empowering the Governor to restrict by regulation, the number of entrants of any nation. - though this is a great concession.
000004989

09.08.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I am anxious to see it published soonest. I hope you will write the promised introduction if you approve of the book.
000004991

09.08.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

I forward herewith "Indian Opinion" of 17th July reporting 2 meetings which supported the British Indian Delegates from Transvaal.
000004992

10.08.1909

14515 RITCH, L. W. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

After exclusion from Transvaal they were deported from Delgoa Bay. I draw your attention also to the charges appearing in "Indian Opinion" Please inquire:
000004996

10.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

Lord Crew was very sympathetic. I slightly sketched my last offer. Crewe appreciated your (view) efforts much. I think he admits my suggestion - offer : reasonable and will press Smuts to accept it.
000004997

10.08.1909

14518 RITCH, L.W. 14517 UNDER SEC. FOR FOREGIN AFFAIRS

1

It imposes practical hardship on many Indians, and indignity upon all Indians. Please make representations to get repeal and legal equality.
000004993

10.08.1909

13780 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. ASSO. 14517 UNDER SEC. FOR FOREGIN AFFAIRS

1

I forward herewith copy of my letter [4992. SN]. Please exert your power influence in our behalf for an enquiry.
000026438

10.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

7

I shall decide about the tank. We should be able to look after the fruit trees. There is not much to learn here: Character building in the main thing. Marriage is good but mating should be for procreation only and not for enjoyment. Think over this.
000004994

10.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

The "Proviso" is a clever solution. I am so glad you are prepared thus far to sacrifice your principle. It raises my hope. If the law itself allowed 6 Indians immigration, I think it would be a greater gain.
000005000

11.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I do not think it involves a sacrifice of any principle. As the negotiations continue, I think it unwise to circularise it.
000004999

11.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13782 POLAK, H.S.L. C/O REUTER

2

The same telegram as the above.
000005001

11.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 14523 UNDER SEC. FOR THE FOREGIN A.

1

I have received the following cable which means that 100 British Indians may shortly be deported to India. via Portuguese Territories.
000005002

11.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

The cable indicates its likelihood. Such deportation causes great misery. In view of negotiations please get is at least postponed.
000004998

11.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 02946 BRITISH INDIAN ASSOCIATION

2

Government agree repeal. Want (to) insert limit in Law. We propose Governor makes regulations fixing limit any nationality. This just satisfies the oath. Daud Mahmad should return [Transvaal ?].
000005006

12.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 08295 RITCH, L. W.

1

I am appalled at the prospect of having to read so much print in any convenient form, but I shall do my best and quickest.
000005005

12.08.1909

14526 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE, Sec. 14514 UNDER COLONIAL SECERTARY

1

Herewith a copy of a further cablegram-from Verulam Natal- in support of the delegations.
000005004

12.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 13763 LAWRENCE, V.

1

The petition will be circulated among friends here: Rest assured that I will continue as in the past to do my best for you.
000005003

12.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

I put it to Crewe and Smuts as my own suggestion. Crewe is sympathetic. Smuts will reply. Crewe may insist on cessation of the passive resistance. The threatened deportation, I regard as a powerful lever in our favour.
000005008

13.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 13763 LAWRENCE, V.

1

I enclose you herewith some cuttings from the Press here, regarding the petition, you forwarded last week.
000005009

13.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 14528 UNDER SEC. OF STATE FOR COLON

1

Herewith a cable alleging supply of bad food to prisoners. Parsee Rustomjee, mentioned there in, is one of the biggest leaders and is in jail for the 3rd time. Please mark news about Nagappan's Death.
000005007

13.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

In view of his vow to die rather than yield, and his capacity to keep alive the fire of Satyagraha, he should be in Transvaal.
000005010

14.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

Your letter encourages me to send you a copy of Ritch's letter. The cablegram will be painful reading to you as it is to me.
000005011

14.08.1909

14386 POLAK, H. S. L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

7

Polak's diary of work from 7th to 13th giving interesting side-lights on Indian Leaders' [Gokhale, Mehta, Jinnah, C. Jehangir etc. etc's] views regarding Transvaal. Sir Phirozshah Mehta, resent your agreeing to administrative restriction of educated Indians.
000005018

16.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

It includes general education test and power Governor make regulation restricting numbers nationality passing test.
000005014

16.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 13785 UNDER SECRETARY FOR INDIA

1

Herewith enclosed copy of a letter to the under colonial Secretary [SN 5012] as also report of the official Commission.
000005015

16.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

2

Enclosed an extract. It is in the main accurate. There is a desire to treat passive resisters more harshly than Criminals. Please secure relief.
000005012

16.08.1909

14518 RITCH, L.W. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

I enclose herewith for your kind alteration copy of the report of inquiry. I shall forward its findings next week. [Mr. Ritch has this address also].
000005016

16.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I hope you will approve of my letter to colonial secretary [SN 5015]. The inquiry shows that bad treatment is proved. "Transvaal Leader" has severely criticised.
000005013

16.08.1909

13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE 14517 UNDER SEC. FOR FOREGIN AFFAIRS

1

Herewith copy of "Indian Opinion" containing further particulars of deportations of British Indian Satyagrahis from Delgoa Bay.
000005017

16.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

The circumstances though painful will further our cause. Hourly waiting news regarding settlement.
000005019

20.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

If Natal friends return convinced that Passive Resistance alone can secure their demands I should be glad. Dr. Mehta has begun to see that passive resistance is the penance of all ills. Dispose off my policy. Millie [Mrs. Polak] is happy here:
000005020

21.08.1909

13786 MACINTYRE W. J. 13471 GREGOROWSKI, R.

1

The judgement states that a "Lawful Holder" cannot be deported. I think with Gandhi that physical possession is not essential to make person a 'Lawful Holder'. He must be registered. What is your view ?
000005021

21.08.1909

14532 PETIT, J. B. & CO. (c/o) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

8

Jinnah entirely disapproves of your "proviso" concession, as he thinks there is little difference between Law and regulations. J. Petit is my Chum. Sir Mehta Pherozshah is a tumbling block. I love Indian women.
00005036A

23.08.1909

14641 POLAK, H.S.L. C/O. PETIT J. B. 09260 RUSTOMJEE, Parsee

2

Every one here - specially my 'brother' and 'sister' : Mr. and Mrs. J. Petit is proud of it us. Sir Pherozshah is not enthusiastic.
000005024

23.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13046 ABDURAHMAN, Abdullah (Dr.)

1

Accept my sympathy as you got practically nothing, congratulation for very sincere efforts and the justice of your cause. Why expect from British ? - if you expect nothing from your self ? May you have strength for passive resistance.
000005025

23.08.1909

14536 POLAK, H.S.L. c/o REUTER 13791 AFRICALIA (GANDHI)

1

JohanSingh (a) prewar (resident), (who) served Military (and) (was) registered (under) Act II, Natal born etc. (brought) (here).
000005026

24.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I enclose copy of a letter to Crewe regarding a Cablegram from Bombay. These deportations are daily becoming more serious and unreasonable.
000005023

24.08.1909

13471 GREGOROWSKI, R. 13786 MACINTYRE W. J.

1

Your view is correct. Physical possession of a certificate is not essential. Deportation does not apply to a registered Asiatic who has destroyed his certificate later. It only applies to non-registered Asiatics.
000005022

24.08.1909

13787 PHELPS, Myron H. ? 14534 SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN

1

Very severe condemnation of British Government's injustice to Indians as evidenced by Gandhi's fight whose clear and clever exposition the article is. Also condemns Union as an injustice to Blacks.
000005027

24.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Though Smuts' sudden departure is disconcerting, I take hope from "The Times" article which is usually "in the know".
000005029

25.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

2

Progress uncertain. Produce deportees meeting resolution adopting pice subscription as tangible expression suggested.
000005028

25.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I have written to Crewe. After his reply I can say whether the moment has arrived for giving up our reticence and expectation.
000005031

26.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

Allen rather gives too much freedom to his children. "He is devoted to his wife so much !
000005030

26.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Lord Crewe informs me that Negotiations are still going on. We can only wait under these circumstances.
000005032

28.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 08295 RITCH, L. W.

1

Very glad to here you were satisfied with my preface. I have accepted all your suggestions, which are a great improvement.
000005035

30.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13497 AMEER ALI

2

Hope of settlement is not yet lost as per Smuts' statement. But we may have to go to jail. Natalians suggest to Viceroy stoppage of immigration.1
000005034

30.08.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

Does it mean that Smuts will decide after he reaches Pretoria ? If so, what is our duty ?
000005033

30.08.1909

01588 POLAK, H.S.L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

"Sheriff cancels meeting instructed Government what news."
000005036

31.08.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

I agree with you as to the "right" of entry and stay. But if Smuts repeal Act 2 of 1907, - a substantial gain - you would be justified in giving up "a quixotic" struggle. For honour you suffered enough.
000005038

01.09.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 14517 UNDER SEC. FOR FOREGIN AFFAIRS

1

I wrote to you on the treatment at British Consulate at Lorence Marques. I now forward the enclosed extract from Transvaal British Indian Association.
000005037

01.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

It accentuates the racial insult and its acceptance would show that were fighting not for a principle but for our own petty interests.
000005040

01.09.1909

01588 POLAK, H.S.L. 13791 AFRICALIA (GANDHI)

1

There will be meeting shortly. Have you any hope [Regarding settlement]
000005039

01.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

2

Smuts may do so for some but not of "right". Still negotiating. Public meeting should be held without Sheriff Do not publish cables.
000026440

01.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

4

Mrs. Filt wants our group photo and also of the settlement. Send them if you have them. See that the perfect sanitation is maintained there:
000005044

02.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I welcome this crusade as it puts us on our mettle. Lord Crewe has not invited me for interview. Members of Parliaments will ask re: Bombay Government action.
000005042

02.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

Dr. Mehta Pranjivan proposed to pay for the education in England of one of my sons, but I have taken that scholarship for the best boy in Phoenix. Can you gain help in money of books from Indians for Phoenix?
000005041

02.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00130 COLONIAL SECRETARY

1

Chinese Asso. cables 'Why continued arrests When Reuters report interview Smuts indicates settlement' - Indians arrests also continue.
000005043

02.09.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I hereby acknowledge your letter containing Polak's cable regarding deportations. A copy of your letter is forwarded to Transvaal.
000005045

03.09.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

1

As you are aware from our letter (SN4963) of (dated) 26-7-1909,. the Governor has been asked to furnish a report.
000005049

03.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

Smut's proposal [in SN5036] will make the fight here most difficult. But it does not dismay me, but then I should be in jail.
000005046

03.09.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your letter with its enclosure: A copy of your letter has been sent to the Governor of the Transvaal for a report.
000005047

03.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I always thought that repression only helps us. You may inform British Indian Asso. that there is no settlement yet. Interview Crewe.
000005050

03.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I write to Smuts that unless he concedes the 'right' I will not be satisfied. See Crewe also, and tell him you did not hold meetings to facilitate private negotiations. Also see Morley and hint that you might visit India.
000005048

03.09.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

Whatever our differences in India, we must and can cooperate in the cause of our countrymen in South Africa.
000005051

04.09.1909

00390 POLAK, H. S. L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

I am most grateful for your brotherly care of Millie (Mrs. Polak). The cancelled meeting has rallied wavering people. Sir Pherozshah Mehta is now enthusiastic. Government apologised. Gokhale is increasingly lovable etc.
000005052

05.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I have no objection to your informing Crewe that I told you that he intended to see you. Much interested by your news of Bombay Meeting.
000005054

06.09.1909

14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

Herewith '"Indian Opinion"' containing the commissioner's Report and press comments of Transvaal papers as also A.C. Brnson, our Solicitor's letter.
000005055

06.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13497 AMEER ALI

1

My life is devoted to demonstrating that the c0-operation between the two is indispensable for India's salvation. Regarding South Africa We will continue.
000005053

06.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

Ampthill tells us you want to see us. Please give appointment as we have tarried too long and avoided public discussion till now.
000029856

07.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 08781 GANDHI, KHUSHALDAS

4

(1) Feels happy at handing his addressee's son Narandas for Phonix where only best from the west is,adopted. (2) Seeks family elder's blessings assuring no self-interest behind his activities.
000033202

07.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 09804 GANDHI, Narandas

4

Your letter. I was happy to learn that you have been sympathising with the Indians there and have started the work to ameliorate their sufferings. It is tragic that some learned persons from India do not know about the real nature and secrets of the administrations. You must be reading "Indian Opinion" through which you will get real understanding of the question. The funds you are collecting may be sent to ""Indian Opinion"."
000026437

07.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13188 GANDHI, Ramdas

1

I am in this steamer.
000026441

07.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

2

Kalnebach came as a guest. You people should not have placed your wants before him. Hope you visit and nurse the sick.
000005056

08.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00390 POLAK, H. S. L.

4

Make it clear that with the gaining of our two objects our struggle will not cease, even passive resistance may have to be resorted to for other grievances. Do not be mad of Bombay, you should see real India. Civilisation is a disease.
000005057

08.09.1909

13802 WINTERBOTTOM, Florence (Miss) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

I have not your faith in its "infallible" efficacy. I am attracted by the beauty of it, but am not sure of its power 'with a wistful longing for the cause'.
000005058

09.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

As suggested by you, I wrote to Morley whose reply I enclose. I also enclose a copy of my letter to Crewe who has not replied yet.
000005059

10.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14538 SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INDIA, P.S. to

1

I enclose for Lord Morley's information copy of my letter to Private Secretary to the Earl of Crewe.
000005060

10.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

2

Superintendent Vernon's remark indicates what we have to undergo in Transvaal. contrary to Smuts' remark Indian opposition is strong.
000005062

10.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

It must have caused a sensation to have called forth strong press comment. My faith in suffering is greater than in negotiations.
000005061

10.09.1909

00390 POLAK, H. S. L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

8

A very interesting and informative letter giving Polak's penetrative insight into India and its Leaders. 'India is many miles behind Transvaal'. It has not the gut to suffer for a cause.
000005064

11.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I should be pained if he refused to hear you. You could, with perfect propriety send a reminder telling him your time is precious.
000005063

11.09.1909

13794 LIONEL EARLE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Secretary of state for Colonies will be pleased to see you and H.Habib on Thursday next, the 16th instant here at 3-15 P.M.
000005065

11.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

You ought to have explained the question of 'right' and Mr. Smuts' offer and the agitation in India. Do so now.
000005070

13.09.1909

14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

Herewith copies of letters to colonial and Foreign Officers. I am desired by my committee to request Mr. Morley to give his most earnest attention.
000005069

13.09.1909

14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

Enclosed are the particulars of the deportation of British Indian lawfully domiciled in Transvaal, but expelled for non-registration.
000005068

13.09.1909

14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE 14517 UNDER SEC. FOR FOREGIN AFFAIRS

1

Regarding my letter [SN5013] I forward herewith the list of further cases of forcible expulsion.
000005067

13.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13631 MORLEY, John, P.S. to

1

To explain that we are fighting for a 'right' of the practical equality - not for some petty practical advantage as per Smuts offer - and to show India's deep feelings, we ask for an interview.
000005066

13.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

I now see that I might have written a better letter and so. I send you herewith a draft copy of my new letter.
000005073

14.09.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

1

The question of the action being 'Ultra Vires" or not is considered. Crewe will not take any action regarding Transvaal's refusal of registration certificates to some Indians as they could have appealed to a court.
000005072

14.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

Mr. Haji Habib and I will wait on his Lordship on the 16th instant at 3-15 P.M.
000005071

14.09.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

This question has been and is still forming the subject of correspondence with the Foreign Office
000005076

15.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

The rumoured concession does not give us the object our Satyagraha i.e. 'right' of immigration to talk about this first invasion of our right. We wish to see you etc.
000005074

15.09.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

2

An excellent reasoned brief history of the whole struggle by Gokhale and very eloquent heart-rending speeches by Polak and Wadia H. A. on the martyrdom of South African Indians. (B.G.=Bombay Gazette.)
000005075

15.09.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I returned from Switzerland to-day and shall be pleased if you, Habiba and Qudir could come round for a talk to-morrow.
000005078

16.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

He was very sympathetic and saw the justice of our demand for legal equality. He will press upon Smuts the acceptance of my latest offer. He agrees that this should be treated as an Imperial Question.
000005079

16.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

With but a slight verbal alteration, I have substituted your draft for mine in my letter to Morley requesting the grant of interview.
000005077

16.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14538 SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INDIA, P.S. to

2

A petition for an interview, incorporating almost verbatim Lord Ampthill's draft [SN 5076] and showing that India is hurt.
00005104A

16.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

6

Excellent nurshing of West shows that Phoenix brings out the best in man. Interview with Crewe means that we have to wait still. I am convinced of illtreatment of Indian prisoners.
000004995

16.09.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

3

Copy of Summary. The whole discussion centred round Gandhi's insistence on the theoretical (i.e. Legal) equality of Indians in preference to legal permission for six educated Indians to live in Transvaal.
000033203

17.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 09804 GANDHI, Narandas

2

Referring to Chhaganlal's letter, Gandhiji says that Chhhaganlal would not be able to go there because of the serious illness of Mr. West. Gandhiji asks Narandas to keep on writing to him. Negotiations for compromise are still on. Regards to Khuslabhai and Devbhabhai.
000005080

17.09.1909

14508 JUST, H.W. 14471 SOUTH AFRICA BRITISH IND.COMMITTEE

1

I am directed to acknowledge your letter of the 13th.... regarding deportation for not complying with the Registration laws.
000026442

17.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

2

I am very glad to learn that you nursed the sick. Diet is one's own concern though I am against meat diet. After all the preservation of the soul and not of the body that us more important.
000005081

17.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

It is indeed satisfactory that Crewe should press upon Smuts the acceptance of our amendment. You will have done your best if you can enlist Morley's sympathy likewise.
000005084

18.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

If it can be done, I have no doubt Smuts will have to listen to George Farror. If Smuts is adamant, we will aGitate publicity here:
000005083

18.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13631 MORLEY, John, P.S. to

1

Please place the enclosed copy [of SN5082] before his Lordship. The Transvaal Government have adopted this novel method to compel submission.
000005179

18.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14540 ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE

1

It is a very serious matter under the British Flag which claims religious freedom. I hope the League will take prompt action.
000005082

18.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

The following cablegrams (quoted in the letter) indicate rising enthusiasm. Muslim prisoners not allowed special facilities for Ramzan.
000005085

18.09.1909

13799 HIRTZAL Z. A. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Though on general and abstract grounds his sympathies are with you, no purpose would be served by an interview.
000005086

19.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Just a line to thank you for the report of your interview with Crewe.
000005089

22.09.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE

3

I am off on a holiday trip, but the Committee. meeting should be held. The Delegations will not take my absence a miss as I have been giving them freely of my time.
000005088

22.09.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 13715 SOUTH AFRICA BR. IND. COMMITTEE

1

A copy has been forwarded [of your letter] to Transvaal for consideration by Ministers and report.
000005087

22.09.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I am directed to acknowledge your letter calling attention to the Statements.
000005090

23.09.1909

14540 ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE 14540 ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE

2

Indian Deputation received cablegram Transvaal Mahomedan Passive Resistance Prisoners refused Ramzan facilities. Advise instant action.
000005091

23.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

4

Do you approve of 2 prizes worth Pound 50/- each ? Dr. Mehta will pay. The "Advocate of Indias" 's attack on you is contemptible.
000005094

23.09.1909

13802 WINTERBOTTOM, Florence (Miss) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

We shall be delighted to hear you at the Emerson Club. When ? Mr. Spiller of the proposed All-Races Congress and Mr. Grant wish to see you.
000005092

23.09.1909

13801 MEYER, F. B. (Rev.) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Will you lunch with me to-morrow ? We shall have an hour by ourselves. If you cannot I will get into touch with you in another way.
000005093

26.09.1909

13497 AMEER ALI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Thanks. What do you refer to in your letter to the colonial under Secretary ? I am returning the drafts which please get typed and signed by Delegates.
000005096

27.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13497 AMEER ALI

1

The tone and tenor of the letter of Natal Government granting residence certificate to a Moulvi to be renewed every 3 months on payment of Pound 1 fee were insulting to and impudent exaction.
000026443

27.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

2

Education is to serve others and not to make money. To maintain the body no so called education is necessary. What us necessary is character i.e. ability to live simply and to fight adversity.
000005097

27.09.1909

00582 MEHTA, P. J. (Pranjivandas) (Dr.) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

5

I have sent in a separate Book-Post, the letter I told you about. If you think it is not worth printing please wire:
000005098

27.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 02946 BRITISH INDIAN ASSOCIATION

2

Haji Habib received cable return immediately Inquire fully his people Reply. [2 Photostat Copies]
000005095

27.09.1909

14543 SLOANE F. W. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

What title can we give for advertisement ? Can you begin at 6 P.M. on October 8th... So that a larger audience can be attracted ?
000032507

28.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 09063 KASHIBEHN

4

Gandhiji was too busy with his work. Hence, he could not find time to write letters to Kashi and Santok. But he wants to know from thim as to why they did not write to him.
000005099

28.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14544 ADVOCATE OF INDIA

2

He has suffered much. If a son in a Joint family dying in the discharge of his duties is a paid Agent. Polak is one, but not until then.
000005106

29.09.1909

14549 SMUTS, J.C. COLONIAL SECRETARY 14550 DEPUTY GOVERNOR TRANSVAAL

1

If Mr. Gandhi furnishes the names of the Indians complained about, full particulars can be supplied.
000005101

29.09.1909

00582 MEHTA, P. J. (Pranjivandas) (Dr.) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

6

I shall defray the cost of its printing in Gujarati and English. Most of it must be done in Phoenix. It should be published in India also.
000005103

30.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14545 SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INDIA, P.S. to

1

I beg to enclose herewith copy of letter addressed by me to the Private Secretary to the Earl of Crewe.
000005102

30.09.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

Use Chhaganlal mercilessly for his own sake. Ali Imam impressed me. He will be of use to us. Mrs. Polak has no long trouble. No news.
000005104

30.09.1909

13806 SHANKARANAND SWAMI 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

It has brought the present downfall of Hindus in South Africa. I have never harmed Muslims in my Articles. Your suffering is the result of your sins of being pro-Muslim like many Indian Leaders.
000005105

01.10.1909

14547 METHUEN, DEPUTY GOVERNOR 13808 CREWE

1

Regarding your despatch of 3rd September no. 279, on the subject of deportations, I enclose a copy of the Minister's minute there on.
000033204

03.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 09804 GANDHI, Narandas

3

No letters from you since long. If Chhaganlal goes to England, you may think of going to South Africa. But you should do it with your father's permission. I shall write to Shri Khushalbhai and you will hear from him. You have to go either to Phoenix or Johannesburg. I would like to drag from the Gandhi family as many young persons for social service.
000029855

03.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 08781 GANDHI, KHUSHALDAS

4

Requests to hand over his son Narandas for Phoenix work shedding attachment.
000005109

04.10.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Glad you have secured Morley's admission that his sympathies are with you on abstract and general grounds. It is Valuable.
000005107

04.10.1909

14551 NAIDOO, C. K. Thambi 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I could recognise only 15 out of 60 released as they were mere skeletons. But they are ready for jail again if a chance offers itself.
000005108

04.10.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Colonial Secretary cannot give you any further information for the present. Transvaal must first decide its attitude.
000005112

05.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

I feel we should not go away without public agitation - meetings of Members of Parliaments, interviews of Editors, Press Propaganda etc. Enclosed "Draft Reply" for your suggestions. "Lord Crewe fears Smuts too much"
000005111

05.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

We are grateful to Crewe for all his efforts for peace, but it is time we made public the net result of our work. Please let us do so.
000005110

05.10.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 29th Ultimo, regarding meetings in India regarding the treatment of Indians in Transvaal.
000005114

06.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

I send you another Draft Letter. Being inexperienced in high politics I shall be guided by you. To this delay and ambiguity seem to be deliberate and so cannot admit of being cleared up.
000005115

06.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14552 FRANCIS, J.C. HOPWOOD COLONIAL

1

It is very necessary for me to know whether Smuts' proposed legislation is on the lines of my amendment or his own.
000005113

06.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

Do not praise me too much as that spoils our cause. Real success lies in the effort itself. The more prolonged the Struggle, the better will the people be. See Mac Donald and Ali-Imam. [Incomplete ?]
00005152A

07.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

Our Indian Visit would be fruitful but I feel my place is in Transvaal. You should visit recruiting centers [of immigration]
00005152B

07.10.1909

14564 TOLSTOY, Leo (Count) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

"God help our dear brothers in Transvaal" I greet you fraternally.
000005116

07.10.1909

14553 POLAK, H.S.L. C/O. NATESAN 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

12

A long, homely letter detailing Polak's activities in Madras. Polak highly irritated at Police Surveillance.
000005117

07.10.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I think you can write as you first intended with the addition of a brief explanation of the methods by which you propose to inform the public.
000005119

08.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

Is it on the basis of my proposals or his own original proposals which are fundamentally different ? Let us be allowed to inform public.
000005118

08.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14554 MORLEY, John, P.S. to

1

I beg to enclose herewith copy of Crewe's letter and the reply there to [SN 5108 and 5111] for Lord Morley's information.
000005120

08.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

As you throw back the responsibility on me, I have combined the two letters into one-copy sent herewith [SN 5119]
000005121

09.10.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

You final letter [5119] can hardly be improved upon. I shall be greatly disappointed if you do not receive a satisfactory reply.
000005130

09.10.1909

13782 POLAK, H.S.L. C/O REUTER 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Despatch as soon as possible (to) Natesons 250 (copies of) Doke's (Book) sd - Polak, Reuter.
000005124

11.10.1909

14557 KHAN MAHMAD 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

4

The mere remembrance of your kindness brings tears. I swear loyalty, in spite of my brother's pressure to keep out. Enthusiasm for the cause seems to be waning. [A very touching letter in good Gujarati]
000005122

11.10.1909

14555 KAZI KALKMIA DADAMIA 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Just Released, hale and hearty. Only sorry that the Government does not rearrest me. It shows great nobility that you write to such as myself.
000005123

11.10.1909

13814 NAIDU, P. K. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

The Pamphlet omits the names of Tamil leaders who are angry therefore: Royappen J. refuses to court jail and says he has to help his family. People are disheartened. Do write to Samy and Padiachi to appease them.
000005127

14.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

3

Every time I go by a railway - car etc. I know that I am doing violence to my sense of what is right. "Important" letter.
000005125

14.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

He now wants to know if passive resistance will stop in view of his proposals. But without the theoretical right, passive. resistance will never stop. Doke writes that passive resistance is strongest at present.
000005126

14.10.1909

14386 POLAK, H. S. L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

12

"Millie [Mrs. Polak] stops in England, till I return to Transvaal, or the struggle ends, whichever is longer. I am not going back on that bargain" A League has been started in Madras. Nateson most energetic.
000005131

15.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14560 SCHLESIN, Sonja (Miss), C/O GANDHI M.K.

1

He is at Dannhauser. Should I wire to call him here ? He is not likely to come here of himself.
000005129

15.10.1909

13817 ARNOLD M. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Lord Ampthill who had to leave home suddenly on business desires me to say that he read the report with great interest.
000005128

15.10.1909

13816 LUCAS, C. P. COLONIAL OFFICE 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

It is on the basis of his proposals not yours. You are free to choose your course of action bearing in mind its consequences.
000005133

18.10.1909

02942 SCHLESIN, Sonja (Miss) 13460 BUDREE

1

I had sent to Durban the deposit receipt for your signature: I have now asked Maganlal to send you the same.
000005132

18.10.1909

02942 SCHLESIN, Sonja (Miss) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Kindly immediately forward the document to him at Dannhauser by registered-post. I am writing to Budree also.
000005135

18.10.1909

13819 KACHALIA, A. M. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Thambee Naidoo, Mahmad Khan and some Madrasis arrested here: Whatever happens is good. No cause for fear at all.
000005134

18.10.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

He does not tell you that he showed Smuts that from your point of view the proposals are quite inadequate. You ought to be assured that you are not ignored. Please write to him regarding this.
000005136

19.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

Did Crewe represent our point of view which he admitted as reasonable and promised to represent ? If so what was the reply. Only when we are fully informed can we decide our future action.
000005137

19.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

Thanks for your kind and excellent advice. I have sent a letter to Crew [enclosed herewith] which embodies all your points.
000005139

19.10.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Your letter expresses very clearly the considerations that I advise you to set forth.
000005138

19.10.1909

14386 POLAK, H. S. L. 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

32

A very beautiful letter giving an insight into the worth of Indian leaders - Gokhale, Krishnaswamy etc. Showing Gokhale's unbounded reverence for Gandhi and giving Polak view of Gandhi as the best man.
000005140

21.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14562 COOPER, N. M. (ILFORD)

1

Please send 24 copies to Dr. Mehta Pranjivan Rangoon. 250 to Natesan Madras and 250 National Printing Press Durban Post Box 182.
000005142

21.10.1909

14562 COOPER, N. M. (ILFORD) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

The Binding is delayed owing to the perverse refusal of Mrs. Horasby to finish the work. Believe me I have spent sleepless nights over it.
000005141

22.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

Aswat is a Muslim, Ag. President Transvaal British Indian Association going for third time. Thambi Naidoo for the fifth time... Sorabji, deported is a cultured Parsi and Joshi Medh deported cultured Hindus.
000005144

22.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

1

I have still to wait. Mrs. Ritch is to undergo an operation Cooper is at his wit's end for the delay in the delivery of Doke's Book.
000026444

22.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

2

Education is not to make money. Our bare wants will surely be met by our honest efforts and search of soul lies in doing real service.
000005143

22.10.1909

14562 COOPER, N. M. (ILFORD) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I am really very sorry for the delay in the delivery. You will positively get the books on Tuesday. Please send me 3 pound0 by cheque.
000005146

25.10.1909

14563 AMEER ALI REFORM CLUB 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I shall take immediate steps to give effect to your suggestions. Best regards to A. Kadir and Habib.
000005145

26.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

The Cable [wording given here] shows that an old Act is revived to remove British Indians of Pretoria to locations.
000005147

28.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14524 COLONIAL SECRETARY, P.S. to

1

The following cable from Madras : Excellent meetings at..... condemning Transvaal, urging stoppage of recruiting [of indentured labourers]
000005148

28.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I enclose copy of a letter [SN 5147] regarding meetings in Madras Presidency, Johannesburg cables show that 21 were arrested and 3 deported there:
000005149

28.10.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

The Governor will be asked for a report if the action is suspected to be ultra vires. Herewith copy of a despatch from the Governor.
000005150

29.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

The South Africa Committee and Ritch and I all think that I should leave. So I go on the 13th... and challenge arrest on Transvaal boarder.
000005151

29.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 01588 POLAK, H.S.L.

2

I spoke to the extremists here - to as many Indians as I could. A message to the Congress is rather awkward, but I shall write something.
000005152

30.10.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

8

Everyone - Moderate or Extremist - believes in violence. The British will not give anything willingly and that in time. The fault is not theirs but of their civilisation which is material.
000005154

01.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I understand you are definitely sailing on the 13th... I agree that the work should be carried on by the committee.
000005153

01.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Much obliged for your news as the press has completely boycotted our cause. Distressed at the operations.
000005155

01.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I doubt your conclusions and do not fully understand your arguments, but thank you for the spirit and candour of the letter.
000005156

02.11.1909

14565 GERTRUDE ZOJUBEE ? 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

You inspired us by your noble self-sacrifice. Such an example raises one's conception of the possibilities of humanity.
000005158

03.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

I shall be obliged if His Lordship the Earl of Crewe could now favour me with a reply to my letter of 19th October [SN 5136]
000005157

03.11.1909

14566 HOPEWOOD, Francis (Sir)(Colonial Office) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Crewe cannot admit that he undertook to place your proposal before Mr. Smuts for his acceptance. He promised to convey your views which he has done.
000005159

04.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

2

I enclose a copy [of SN 5157] which clearly shows where we are: I do not understand the last para. I enclose a draft reply for your advice.
000005161

04.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

I would give Lady Ampthill and me very great pleasure: We can talk over the subject of your private letter [SN 5152]
000005160

04.11.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Your letter regarding the enforcement of section 39 of the Town Regulation of 1899 etc. Lord Crewe is communicating with the Governor.
000005162

05.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

1

I have advised young Indians to get a memorandum signed by thousands. I am itching to join Harilal in Jail.
000005180

05.11.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

19

It gives in brief the whole history of the Transvaal, the outstanding question that led to Satyagraha, the plight of Indians under the new constitution with a spirited covering letter hurling defiance.
000005163

05.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

Either you were entirely mistaken in your impression or Crewe's recollection is at fault, your proposed reply is "dignified and restrained". I should say more, if sure of my position.
000005164

06.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

Theoretical equality as is accepted by all Colonies except Transvaal. Can alone justify the holding together of parts of the Empire: I can now only return to Transvaal and aGitate.
000005165

07.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

3

We are so sorry that the sudden illness of my son has disarranged everything. You will excuse us treating you so.
000005168

09.11.1909

13824 MARKBY W. 13823 MEYER

2

I regret inability to attend the farewell party. It is not pleasant to see again and again British Government's inability to enforce the just claims of subjects.
000005166

09.11.1909

14567 ARNOT, CHAS. BRUCE TOWER FILE 13823 MEYER

3

I am sorry I cannot attend. It is always darkest before Dawn. So I am not discouraged at the dark clouds in South Africa.
000005169

09.11.1909

13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

Herewith a despatch from Transvaal Governor enclosing Minister's minute regarding treatment. Correspondence re: Nagappan still going on.
000005167

09.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

2

I ought not to have handed it to you. I only just notice that Crewe marked it 'private' I am sure you will keep it in confidence.
000029358

10.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 08714 TOLSTOY, Leo (Count)

2

Original of 5173
000005174

10.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

The following Cablegram : Crowded public meeting of all sections urges Imperial interference and stoppage of recruitment.
000005172

10.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay)

1

I agree that it should be sent to Crewe for confirmation or repudiation - Specially. as you wish to use it in House of Lords.
000005170

10.11.1909

08295 RITCH, L. W. 14340 TIMES, THE

1

Gandhi will soon be a prisoner. May I plead that Smuts should still remove the racial insult, a small matter for him but a great one for India and Empire:
000005173

10.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14564 TOLSTOY, Leo (Count)

2

This is the greatest struggle of modern times being idealised regarding goal and methods. Its success would mean a triumph of Truth and Love, and would dissolve the violence party at least in India.
000005171

10.11.1909

13121 AMPTHILL (Lord) & IMMORTAL (Bombay) 00001 GANDHI, M. K.

1

If your report is correct, and I do not doubt it, Crewe cannot [possibly] possibly misunderstand. Suppose I set it for his confirmation or contradiction what do you say ? My son is recovering.
000005176

11.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14570 DAILY TELEGRAPH

1

Passive Resistance is offered as "an affront" [in Chamberlain's words]. We have a right to expect support from British press.
000005175

11.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 14386 POLAK, H. S. L.

2

I have no intention of advising the girls to take a plunge. You and Millie [Mrs. Polak] should advise them properly. I am too busy.
000005177

11.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

2

Despite the categorical denial of Transvaal Ministers, the complaints are largely well - founded. Even the Magistrate whose finding was challenged by Hosken accepts the fact that rice was not given to Nagappan.
000005178

12.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13812 UNDER SECRETARY FOR COLONIES

1

I do not know details regarding Polak's Cablegram, but I know of (1) Chunilal Panachand (2) Shelat, whom I saved from Deportation.
000005181

13.11.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

20

Vouchers regarding Gandhi's expenses from July 10th to November 13th... amounting in all to Pound 132-17-8 [+ Pound 1-10-0 in Hotel Cecil].
000026435

21.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

1

Read Ramayan sent herewith commit the verses by heart.
000026446

24.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 13188 GANDHI, Ramdas

4

Do not be disappointed if we do not meet. I may be arrested any time.
000026445

24.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00660 GANDHI, Manilal

3

A seeker of sould has to achieve the highest standard of morality. And that is possible only in seclusion. Hence my opposition to big cities. Do not be upset. I am always keen for your good.
000032508

24.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00898 GANDHI, Maganlal K.

4

Gandhiji asks Maganlal Gandhi to keep the name of the Phoenix Farm as it is.- not to attach his name with it. He wants his work and not his name to live after him. - Ref. to Phoenix bird which comes to life again from its own ashes.
000028484

25.11.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

1

Some instructions regarding press matters.
000029512

26.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 08740 WEST, Albert Henry

11

(1) Suggestion re: coping financial problem of Phoenix priting press (2) Prefers sending Chhagnlal or Maganlal in liew of his (G's) sons to London (for study). (3) Says we are Gound to support long time sick schemers as ours is the life of finding joy in perpetual self sacrifice.
000032509

27.11.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 00898 GANDHI, Maganlal K.

4

Dwelling upon the probnlem of marriage of the addressee of the the letter (probably Kanti), Mahadev Desai says that if he (the addressee) wanted to remain a celibate even after his marriage, he will have to stay in the company of Gandhiji of Mahadev himself.
000025877

06.12.1909

00001 GANDHI, M. K. 08404 GOKHALE, Gopal Krishna

4

Gives an idea of the situation political and financial, name of chief fighter in the struggle and explains how he proposes to spend the donation from Tata.
00005181A

29.12.1909

00000 "BLANK" 00000 "BLANK"

1

"A man among men, hero among heroes, a patriot among patriotsi and we may well say that in him Indian humanity has reached its highest water mark. [With photoes of both]

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