|-- Index > Chronology 1919
Chronology 1919

 

Century

 Year

 Detailed

 

Short

 

Overview

 

18

69 - 87

88

89

 Chronology

Chronology

 

1869 - 1899

 

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

 

 

 

1900 - 1919

19

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

 

1920 - 1939

 

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

1940 - 1948

 

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

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30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

 

 

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

 

 

 

1919

 Month

Day

 

 

1919

January

10

In letter to Maganlal  Gandhi, Gandhi explained how he took to goat’s milk.

1919

January

18

Rowlatt Bills  published in Gazette of India. First meeting of Peace Conference at Paris.

1919

January

20

Gandhi operated on for  piles by Dr. Dalal at Bombay.

1919

January

27

End of Bombay labor  strike announced.

1919

January

27

Gandhi explained vow  of milk in letter to Narahari Parikh.

1919

January

30

Wrote to Counsel for  Ali Brothers assuring action to secure their release.

1919

January

30

Sent good wishes to The  Independent, new Allahabad daily.

1919

February

2

Bombay Home Rule  League protest meeting against Rowlatt Bills. Gandhi’s letter to S.G. Banker read  out.

1919

February

6

Viceroy opened session  of Imperial Legislative Council at Delhi. Rowlatt Bills introduced.

1919

February

6

Gandhi wrote to Swami  Satyadev detailing steps for teaching Hindi in Madras Presidency.

1919

February

7

Imperial Legislative  Council debate on Rowlatt Bill. Bill referred to Select Committee against unanimous Indian  opposition.

1919

February

8

Gandhi wrote to Pandit  Malaviya suggesting countrywide agitation.

1919

February

9

Wrote to V.S.  Srinivasa Sastri on civil disobedience compaign against Rowlatt Bills.

1919

February

10

Sir W. Vincent  announced in Imperial Legislative Council that Rowlatt Act was to be in operation for  three years.

1919

February

10

Second Rowlatt Bill  introduced and referred to Select Committee despite unanimous non-official opposition.

1919

February

12

Gandhi wrote to Sir.  W. Vincent, inquiring about Government’s decision regarding Ali Brothers.

1919

February

17

Spoke at Sabarmati  regarding dissatisfaction among Ashramites.

1919

February

20

Wrote to P.S. to  Viceroy about release of Ali Brothers.

1919

February

20

Amir Habibullah of  Afghanistan assassinated.

1919

February

23

Reuter message  announced that Tilak had lost his case.

1919

February

24

Satyagraha Pledge  signed at Sabarmati Ashram meeting, Gandhi attending.

1919

February

24

Gandhi wired to P.S.  to Viceroy conveying satyagraha decision.

1919

February

25

In telegram to Pandit  Malaviya, informed that he would not go to England in Congress deputation in view of  Rowlatt Bills.

1919

February

25

Wrote letter to C.F.  Andrews, K. Natarajan, Stanley Reed and Dinshaw Wachha conveying Satyagraha Pledge.

1919

February

25

Wrote letter to Press  on South African Indians’ plight.

1919

February

26

Wrote letter to Press  on Satyagraha Vow.

1919

February

26

Committee of the Sabha  issued Gandhi’s instructions to volunteers on taking signatures on satyagraha pledge.  Gandhi wrote to The Indian Social Reformer elaborating views on inter-caste  marriage and Patel Marriage Bill.

1919

February

26

Sent letter to press  on National School at Sabarmati.

1919

March

26

Issued first  "satyagraha leaflet" quoting extracts from Thorcau.

1919

March

1

Select Committee  Report on Rowlatt Bills with dissenting minutes by Indian members presented to Imperial  Legislative Council.

1919

March

1

Executive Committee  with Gandhi as president appointed at meeting of Pledge-signatories under auspices of  Satyagraha Sabha at Bombay.

1919

March

2

Executive Committee of  Satyagraha Sabha appointed subcommittees for collecting funds and propaganda work.

1919

March

2

Wachha, Banerjea,  Sastri, Shafi and others issued manifesto against passive resistance.

1919

March

2

Many took Satyagraha  Vow at Allahabad meeting under president ship of Motilal Nehru.

1919

March

4

Conference of Bengal  nationalists supported Gandhi and satyagraha.

1919

March

6

Gandhi in Delhi.  Interview with Viceroy.

1919

March

7

Attended protest  meeting at Delhi. Mahadev Desai read out speech.

1919

March

7

Met Sir James  Duboulay, Home Secretary.

1919

March

8

Sir W. Vincent  presented Select Committee Report on Second Rowlatt Bill.

1919

March

8

In letter to Srinivasa  Sastri, Gandhi explained decision on satyagraha and differences with others.

1919

March

11

Inaugurated satyagraha  meeting at Lucknow. Supporters signed Pledge.

1919

March

11

Gandhi requested P.S.  to Viceroy by wire and letter not to proceed with Rowaltt Bills.

1919

March

11

Attended satyagraha  meeting at Allahabad, Syed Hussain presiding. Mahadev Desai read out speech.

1919

March

12

Imperial Council  debate on Rowlatt Bills.

1919

March

12

Motion for  consideration of Bill as amended by Select Committee passed.

1919

March

12

Gandhi wrote to Sir  James Duboulay requesting release of Ali Brothers.

1919

March

12

Satyagraha Sabha rules  published.

1919

March

13

Debate in Imperial  Legislative Council on Rowlatt bill as amended by Select Committee. Non-official  amendments rejected.

1919

March

14

Gandhi with Swami  Shraddhanand attended protest meeting at Bombay. Gandhi’s speech read out.

1919

March

18

Motion to circulate  Second Rowlatt Bill for opinion passed in Imperial Council.

1919

March

18

Rowlatt Bill passed  despite opposition from non-official members. B.N. Sharma resigned in protest.

1919

March

18

Madras Moderates  issued manifesto against satyagraha.

1919

March

18

Gandhi reached Madras.

1919

March

18

Attended protest  meeting at Madras. Satyagraha Pledge signed at meeting.

1919

March

19

Spoke at meeting of  Madras Labor Union, B.J. Wadia presiding.

1919

March

20

Attended protest  meeting at Triplicane Beach, Madras, under chairmanship of C. Vijayaraghavachari.  Gandhi’s speech read out.

1919

March

21

Anarchical and  Revolutionary Crimes Act, 1919 (Rowlatt Act) received Governor-General’s assent.

1919

March

21

Gandhi spoke at  tramway strikers’ meeting at Madras.

1919

March

23

Announced in letter to  press observance of April 6 as day of humiliation and prayer.

1919

March

23

Wrote to Sir. S.  Subramania Iyer that satyagraha was not a party movement.

1919

March

24

Spoke at Tanjor  meeting.

1919

March

25

Spoke at Trichinopoly  meeting.

1919

March

25

Wrote to Counsel for  Ali Brothers on satyagraha to secure release.

1919

March

26

Spoke at Madura  meeting.

1919

March

28

Spoke at Tuticorin  meeting.

1919

March

29

Spoke at  labourers’ meeting at Nagapatam.

1919

March

30

Satyagraha Day  observed.

1919

March

30

Riot at Delhi. Mob  fired at.

1919

March

30

Gandhi left for  Bezwada.

1919

March

30

At Madras satyagraha  Sabha meeting at Triplicane Beach, his speech read out.

1919

March

31

Delhi in mourning.  Military control over city.

1919

April

1

Gandhi left Bezwada  for Bombay. Day’s halt at Secunderabad.

1919

April

2

Government of India  communique on Delhi disturbances.

1919

April

3

Gandhi arrived in  Bombay.

1919

April

3

Wired congratulations  to Swami Shraddhanand on Delhi’s opposition to Rowlatt legislation.

1919

April

3

Wrote letter to Press  on Delhi occurrences.

1919

April

3

Wired V.S. Srinivasa  Sastri that fight was against spirit of terrorism.

1919

April

5

Government communique  on Rowlatt legislation.

1919

April

5

Gandhi wired to Swami  Shraddhanand for help to dependants of victims.

1919

April

5

Wrote to Rabindranath  Tagore for message on the movement.

1919

April

6

Satyagraha Day  observed all over India.

1919

April

6

Mass meeting at  Chowpatty Beach, Bombay, under Gandhi’s presidentship. Jamnadas read out  Gandhi’s speech.

1919

April

6

Prayers at Madhav  Baug. Gandhi addressed meetings of Mahomedans and ladies at Bombay

1919

April

6

Appeal to people of  Madras.

1919

April

6

Pandit Malaviya  resigned seat in Imperial Council.

1919

April

7

First issue of  Gandhi’s Satyagrahi, priced one pice, came out without registration.

1919

April

7

Satyagraha Sabha,  Bombay, issued note on defying laws governing prohibited literature and registration of  newspapers

1919

April

7

Sale of proscribed  literature by Satyagraha in Bombay.

1919

April

8

Gandhi explained in  leaflets, vows on swadeshi and Hindu-Muslim unity.

1919

April

8

Wired to C.R. DAS ON  Satyagraha Day demonstration at Calcutta.

1919

April

8

Wrote to Police  Commissioner, Bombay, denying allegations regarding holding up of tram-cars.

1919

April

9

On way to Delhi at  Kosi served with orders restricting entry into Punjab and Delhi.

1919

April

9

Message to countrymen  not to resent arrest or commit violence. Ram Navami Day celebrations. Peaceful  processions at Amritsar.

1919

April

10

Gandhi elected to  disorbey prohibition order, put under arrest and sent to Bombay.

1919

April

10

All-India hartal in  protest against arrest.

1919

April

10

Incendiarism, riot and  mob violence at Ahmedabad on hearing news of arrest. Police firing, killing of Europeans  and burning of mill and station yard.

1919

April

10

Arrest and deportation  from Amritsar of Drs. Satyapal and Kitchlew. Mob rising and police firing. Several  Europeans killed.

1919

April

10

Police firing at  Lahore.

1919

April

11

Gandhi brought to  Bombay and released.

1919

April

11

Spoke at mass meeting  at Chowpatty Beach, administering warning to satyagrahis.

1919

April

11

In wire to Swami  Shraddhanand, appealed to people to avoid violence.

1919

April

11

Country-wide hartal  continued.

1919

April

11

Arrests in Bombay. Mob  outrage at Ahmedabad. Telegraph and Collector’s office burnt. Down.

1919

April

12

Rabindranath Tagore  wrote to Gandhi on Satyagraha.

1919

April

12

Gandhi’s  interview to Press representative at Bombay.

1919

April

12

Attended meeting of  cloth merchants at Marwari Chamber.

1919

April

12

Broke down on hearing  news of Ahmedabad disturbance.

1919

April

12

Left for Ahmedabad.

1919

April

12

Meeting at Badshahi  Mosque, Lahore. Firing by troops, derailment and burning of train.

1919

April

12

Disturbances in  Bombay, Viramgam, Nadiad and Amritsar.

1919

April

12

Riot and bloodshed in  Calcutta.

1919

April

13

Gandhi reached  Ahmedabad with Anasuya Sarabhai. In message to Ahmedabad citizens, implored them to be  calm and obey orders.

1919

April

13

Massacre at mass  meeting at Jallianwala Bagh, amritsar.

1919

April

14

Hartal, serious  disturbances and bombing at Gujranwala. Telegraph wires cut at Lahore, Amritsar and other  places.

1919

April

14

Martial law proclaimed  in Punjab.

1919

April

14

Government of India  communique on Satyagraha movement.

1919

April

14

Gandhi spoke at mass  meeting at Sabarmati.

1919

April

14

Upbraided people for  violence, announced three-day penitential fast.

1919

April

14

Wrote to P.S. to  Viceroy on disturbances.

1919

April

14

Second issue of Satyagrahi published.

1919

April

15

Gandhi wrote to  Collector of Ahmedabad, enquiring about names of English victims to send help to their  families. Visited the wounded at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. Wrote to Sir I. Rahimtoola  ascribing cause of disturbances to his arrest.

1919

April

16

Assured help to  Government in letter to Commissioner, Northern Division (Bombay).

1919

April

16

In Satyagraha leaflet,  appealed to people to render help to victims.

1919

April

16

Arrests at Gujranwala.  Wire-cutting and disturbances at several places.

1919

April

17

Police firing at  Delhi.

1919

April

17

Deportation of leaders  in Punjab.

1919

April

17

The Amrita Bazar  Patrika security forfeited.

1919

April

18

Gandhi announced  temporary suspension of civil disobedience.

1919

April

19

Attended Hindi Sahitya  Sammelan meeting at Bombay under presidentship of Pandit Malaviya.

1919

April

20

All-India Congress  Committee meeting at Bombay under presidentship of Pandit Malaviya, Gandhi and Mrs. Basent  attending.

1919

April

20

"Crawling  order" issued by General Dyer.

1919

April

21

Satyagrahi suspended  publication following suspension of Movement.

1919

April

21

A.I.C.C. passed  resolution on Punjab situation.

1919

April

21

Gandhi sent telegram  to P.S. to Viceroy against whipping in public. Wrote to Collector of Ahmedabad against  levy on mill-hands.

1919

April

21

Arrived at Ahmedabad  from Bombay.

1919

April

24

Left for Bombay.

1919

April

24

Martial Law Commission  began work in Punjab.

1919

April

25

Gandhi spoke at  Satyagraha meeting in Bombay.

1919

April

25

Issued leaflet  explaining significance of Satyagraha.

1919

April

26

G.B. Horniman served  with order to leave India.

1919

April

26

The Bombay  Chronicle suspended publication.

1919

April

26

Gandhi issued leaflet  on Horniman’s deportation advising people against violence and demonstrations.

1919

April

28

Congress deputation  left for England.

1919

April

28

Gandhi wrote to The  Times of India correcting report of Ahmedabad speech.

1919

April

29

Wrote to Crerer,  Secretary to Bombay Government on Horniman’s deportation and pre-cencership of The  Bombay Chronicle.

1919

April

30

Published in leaflet  Horniman’s letter from s.s. Takada.

1919

April

30

Sent Swadeshi Pledge  to Sir Stanley Reed and Governor of Bombay.

1919

April

30

Appealed to Sind  satyagrahis to be calm despite prosecutions.

1919

April

30

Kasur riot case  judgment.

1919

May

2

Gandhi in a Satyagraha  leaflet indicated resumption of civil disobedience in July.

1919

May

3

Wrote to Secretary,  Bihar Planters’ Association.

1919

May

4

Wrote to Maulana Abdul  Bari praising idea of mixed Hindu-Mahomedan commission for communal unity.

1919

May

4

Satyagraha Sabha  meeting at Bombay decided to observe fast, hartal, etc. on May 11 in protest against  Horniman’s deportation.

1919

May

5

Gandhi sent Swadeshi  Pledge to Viceroy.

1919

May

5

Wrote to District  Magistrate, Ahmedabad, on complicity of educated men in Ahmedabad disturbances.

1919

May

5

Wrote to Maganlal  Gandhi asking Ashramites to take up spining.

1919

May

6

Called meeting at  Bombay to explain observance of hartal. \

1919

May

7

P.S. to Viceroy wrote  to Gandhi seeking help to stabilize India opinion in face of Afghan developments.

1919

May

7

Gandhi issued message  on observance of May 11.

1919

May

7

Young India New  Series Vol. I, No.I issued as a bi-weekly every Wednesday and Saturday, from Bombay under  Gandhi’s supervision.

1919

May

8

Gandhi spoke at Bombay  women’s meeting and issued leaflet explaining religious significance of Satyagraha.

1919

May

9

Spoke on Khilafat at  special meeting of Anjuman Ziaul Islam at Bombay. M.T. Kadarbhai presiding.

1919

May

10

Wrote to Annie Basent  expressing grief over her accusations.

1919

May

11

Bombay hartal in  honour of Horniman.

1919

May

11

Annie Besant resigned  presidentship of Home rule League.

1919

May

11

Gandhi assured help to  Viceroy in reply to latter’s request of May 7.

1919

May

11

Sent telegram to  District Magistrate, Ahmedabad, on identification of those accused in Ahmedabad  disturbances.

1919

May

12

Congratulate Bombay  Citizens on successful observance of hartal.

1919

May

13

Explained  "pure" and "mixed" swadeshi vows in Young India. Names of 47  signatories to swadeshi vow published.

1919

May

13

Police raid on The  Independent Office.

1919

May

15

Southbourough  Committed Report published.

1919

May

15

Gandhi sent telegram  to Viceroy’s Private Secretary on arrest of Govardhandas and legal defence of The  Tribune editor.

1919

May

16

Wrote to  Viceroy’s Private Secretary demanding fullest investigations into disturbances in  Punjab.

1919

May

20

Addressed letter to  satyagrahis of Surat.

1919

May

21

Addressed circular  letter on Bombay conference of satyagrahis scheduled for May 28.

1919

May

25

Wrote to P.S. to  Governor of Bombay drawing attention to 1914 amendment of Foreigners Act *1864) regarding  orders served on two Kathiawari residents to quit British India.

1919

May

26

Sir Edward Maclagan  took over as Lt.-Governor of Punjab from Sir. M. O’Dwyer.

1919

May

27

The Bombay  Chronicle asked to deposit Rs.5,000.00 provisionally.

1919

May

28

Gandhi addressed  conference of satyagrahis at Bombay.

1919

May

28

Wrote foreword to  reprint of Indian Home Rule.

1919

May

29

Government of India  Bill introduced in House of Commons by E.S. Montagu.

1919

May

30

Gandhi wrote to  Viceroy’s Private Secretary on martial law administration in Punjab.

1919

May

30

Wrote to H.S.L. Polak  on Rowlatt legislation.

1919

May

31

presided over public  meeting held at Bombay to honour B.G. Tilak.

1919

May

31

Meeting resolved to  collect funds to defray Tilak’s expenses in England in connection with case against  Sir Valentine Chirol.

1919

June

1

Rabindranath Tagore  renounced knighthood.

1919

June

3

Pandit Malaviya  re-elected to Viceregal Council.

1919

June

5

Second reading of  Government of India Bill in House of Commons.

1919

June

9

Gandhi wrote to P.S.  to Viceroy regarding judgement in Kalinath Roy’s case.

1919

June

9

Security of Rs.10,000  demanded from The Bombay Chronicle.

1919

June

10

Martial law withdrawn  from Punjab except from railway lands.

1919

June

11

In a signed leader in Young  India, Gandhi pleaded for immediate release of Kalinath Roy.

1919

June

11

Appealed to lawyers  and journalists and wrote to C.F. Andrews for support in securing release of Roy.

1919

June

12

Wrote to secretaries  of Satyagraha Sabha on resumption of civil disobedience in July.

1919

June

12

Wrote to S.T. Sheppard  of The Times of India for support in securing release of Kalinath Roy.

1919

June

13

Mercy petition of  Kalinath Roy rejected by Lt.-Governor of Punjab.

1919

June

14

Gandhi wrote to E.S.  Montagu justifying movement against Rowlatt legislation.

1919

June

15

Executive  Committee of Satyagraha Sabha met at Bombay and decided on resumption of civil  disobedience in beginning of July and vested full powers in Gandhi to guide movement.

1919

June

15

Protest meeting of  Indian Association, Calcutta, against Government of India despatch of March 5.

1919

June

16

Gandhi  issued second leaflet explaining Swadeshi Vow. Gave evidence before Chief Presidency  Magistrate, Bombay, in connection with Dr. Kitchlew’s trial before Martin Law  Commission.

1919

June

18

Wrote  to P.S. to Viceroy conveying decision to resume civil disobedience in July.

1919

June

18

Opened Shuddha Swadeshi  Vastra Bhandar at Bombay.

1919

June

19

Presided  over Swadeshi Sabha meeting at Bombay.

1919

June

20

order  of pre-censorship on The Bombay Chronicle rescinded by Government.

1919

June

24

Gandhi  sent cable to Secretary of State for India that he would resume civil disobedience in July  unless Rowlatt legislation was withdrawn and a committee was appointed to enquire into  Punjab disturbances.

1919

June

24

Presided at Bombay  meeting to protest against Rowlatt legislation and Horniman’s deportation.

1919

June

25

Wrote  letter to G.A. Natesan enclosing instructions on Satyagraha campaign.

1919

June

26

Wrote  P.S. to Viceroy conveying protest resolution of Satyagraha Sabha against justification of  Horniman’s deportation by Secretary of State.

1919

June

26

A.I.C.C. sent cable to  British Prime Minister and Secretary of State requesting suspension of sentence by Martial  Law Commission pending enquiry.

1919

June

26

Government of India  declined postponement of sentences.

1919

June

27

Gandhi  sent to Viceroy memorial signed by Sir D.E. Wachha, Sir N.G. Chandavarkar and others  praying for Kalinath Roy’s release.

1919

June

27

Presided over Bombay  meeting under auspices of Satyagraha Sabha.

1919

June

27

Wrote to S.T. Sheppard  regarding anti-Indian legislation in South Africa.

1919

June

28

Treaty  of Versailles signed.

1919

June

28

Gandhi sent reply to  letter from P.S. to Viceroy on resumption of civil disobedience.

1919

June

28

Spoke on swadeshi at  meeting in Bombay.

1919

June

29

Wrote  to Mahomed Ali on Moslem question.

1919

June

29

Spoke at foundation  laying of Vanita Vishram at Ahmedabad.

1919

June

30

Wrote  to Deputy Superintendent of Police, Ahmedabad that he would give notice to authorities  before resuming civil disobedience.

1919

June

30

Wrote instructions for  satyagrahis in terms of Sabha Committee’s resolution of June 15.

1919

June

30

Left Ashram for  Bombay.

1919

July

Before 1

Drafted  rules of Swadeshi Sabha.

1919

July

1

Interview  with Inspector-General and Commissioner of Police, Bombay. I

1919

July

1

In statement said he  would not resume civil disobedience before July 8 and would inform authorities beforehand.

1919

July

1

Inaugurated Central  Swadeshi Sabha at Bombay with branches all over India.

1919

July

1

Press Association of  India sent cable to British Prime Minister and Secretary of State urging repeal of press  Act.

1919

July

1

Gandhi thanked S.T.  Sheppard for The Times of India’s leading article on South African question.

1919

July

3

Wrote  to Press and to Commerce and Industry Member, Government of India, against restrictions on  Indians in South Africa.

1919

July

3

Wrote to R.B. Ewbank  seeking his interest in swadeshi movement.

1919

July

4

Spoke  at Bombay meeting under auspices of Swadeshi Sabha.

1919

July

5

Secretary  of State for India cabled Governor of Bombay advising interview with Gandhi to dissuade  him from resuming Satyagraha.

1919

July

5

Gandhi wrote in Young  India on Smuts-Gandhi Agreement.

1919

July

5

Sent letter to H.S.L.  Polak regarding civil disobedience and south African matter.

1919

July

6

Governor-General-in-Council  reduced Kalinath Roy’s term of imprisonment from 2 years to 3 months.

1919

July

6

Gandhi addressed mass  meeting at Nadiad on satyagrahis’ duty and spoke on swadeshi at women’s meeting.

1919

July

9

Martial  Law Commission delivered judgment in Amritsar Conspiracy Case.

1919

July

10

Sir  N.G. Chandavarkar appealed to Gandhi through Press not to resume Satyagraha.

1919

July

12

Gandhi  arrived in Poona. Interview with Governor of Bombay. Addressed students at Fergusson  College, R.P. Paranjapye presideing.

1919

July

12

Spoke on swadeshi at  citizens’ meeting. Swadeshi Association formed under Gandhi’s presidentship.  Returned to Bombay. Wrote in Young India on conviction of editor of Pratap.

1919

July

13

At  Home Rule League meeting in Bombay moved protest resolution against anti-Indian  legislation in Transvaal.

1919

July

14

Wrote  letter to R.P. Paranjapye answering his criticism of swadeshi.

1919

July

16

Wrote  in Young India on Paranjapye’s observations on swadeshi.

1919

July

16

Lala Govardhandas  sentenced to 3 years R.I. by Special Tribunal.

1919

July

17

Gandhi  wrote to A.H. West regarding Indian Opinion.

1919

July

18

Addressed  meeting under auspices of Imperial Citizenship Association to protest against Asiatic Land  and Trading Amendment Act.

1919

July

20

A.I.C.C.  met at Calcutta.

1919

July

21

Gandhi  issued letter to press announcing postponement to civil disobedience in deference to  warning of Viceroy and other friends.

1919

July

23

Sir  Sankaran Nair resigned office as member of Viceroy’s Council.

1919

July

23

Gandhi wrote in Young  India on Lahore judgment.

1919

July

24

Privy  Council granted leave to appeal to 21 Indians convicted under martial law for riots in  Amritsar.

1919

July

25

Lt.-Governor  of Punjab reduced term of imprisonment of Radha Krishna, editor of Pratap, from 18  to 2 months.

1919

July

26

Gandhi  wrote to Commerce and Industry Member, Government of India, on Transvaal Asiatic Law.

1919

July

27

Wrote  to The Mahratta on judge’s remarks in Hindvasi case judgment.

1919

July

28

Addressed  students of Sarvajanik College at Surat and inaugurated Swadeshi Store.

1919

July

28

Sent cables to V.S.  Srinivasa Sastri and Sarojini Naidu on agitation against Rowlatt legislation

1919

July

28

Special Bench of  Calcutta High Court dismissed appeal of The Amrit Bazar patrika against forfeiture  of security.;

1919

July

29

Sir  Charles Munro’s dispatch on India’s part in War published in Gazette.

1919

July

30

Gandhi  wrote in Young India on sentence on Jagannath by Martial Law Tribunal.

1919

August

1

In  Kalol, Gandhi visited handloom factory; spoke on swadeshi. \

1919

August

2

In Young  India supported appeal of Swami Shraddhanand for Rs.1.5 lakhs to help victims of  martial law atrocities.

1919

August

4

In  Bombay interviewed by a representative of The Hindu, announced intention to resume  civil disobedience if Government failed to repeal Rowlatt Act.

1919

August

5

Presided  over Gujaratis’ meeting in Bombay in memory of Amritlal Sunderjee.

1919

August

6

In Young  India described action of Ahmedabad district Judge as "impudent" in  proceeding against barristers who took Satyagraha pledge.

1919

August

8

In  Poona, at Deccan Sabha meeting, spoke against anti-Indian legislation in Transvaal; spoke  on swadeshi at Gujarati Bandhu Samaj.

1919

August

14

In  Godhra, opened Swadeshi Bhandar; held conference with Collector, local leaders on question  of forced labour; visited Stuart Library; spoke on swadeshi at women’s meeting and at  public meeting.

1919

August

5

At  crowded public meeting, called upon Government to conduct impartial inquiry into Punjab  situation, exhorted people to contribute to relief fund.

1919

August

19

In  Bombay, announced at satyagrahis’ meeting intention to start Gujarati paper on lines  of Young India and to resume Satyagraha against Rowlatt Act after petitioning  Government.

1919

August

22

Appealed  to Lord Willingdon against proposal to extern Esther Faering from India; pleaded that she  might be allowed to join Sabarmati Ashram.

1919

August

25

Enunciated  concept of swadeshi in letter to Cowie and sought Bombay Governor’s approval and  encouragement for the movement.

1919

August

27

Wrote  to Maulana Abdul Bari that it was inopportune to ask for Ali brothers’ release.

1919

August

28

Deputation  led by Surendranath Banerjea waited on Montagu to protest against Transvaal Trading Act.

1919

August

31

In  Dohad, Gandhi spoke on swadeshi at women’s meeting; later, exhorted weavers to shed  distinctions of caste, community, etc.

1919

September

31

Viceroy  announced appointment of Commission to go into question of |Punjab troubles; referred to  Commissions to set right problems regarding South Africa and Fiji.

1919

September

6

In  Bombay, Gandhi attended meetings of Swadeshi Sabha and Satyagraha Committed.

1919

September

7

Opened  Gujarat swadeshi Store in Girgaum, Bombay spoke on swadeshi; participated in swadeshi  sabha meeting.

1919

September

7

First issue of Navajivan in Gujarati was published.

1919

September

8

Government  of India telegraphed Bombay, Madras Government that "existing orders against Gandhi  should be relaxed and all restrictions removed when Lord Hunter arrives in Indian."

1919

September

12

Bombay  Government confidentially informed Madras Government that they concur with the Central  Government in relaxing restrictions imposed upon Gandhi.

1919

September

17

Gandhi  left Ahmedabad for Bombay.

1919

September

18

In  Bombay, spoke on Khilafat at public meeting. Indemnity Bill protecting Government servants  introduced in Legislative Council, opposed by Malaviya.

1919

September

21

Gandhi  opened school for untouchable in Ahmedabad.

1919

September

21

Public meetings held  in Madras and Wardha to celebrate 51st birthday of Gandhi. Wardha citizens  presented purse to be placed at Gandhi ‘s disposal. Indemnity Bill was passed.

1919

September

25

In  Rajkot, Gandhi spoke on swadeshi at meeting in Revashanker Jagjivan’s bungalow; spoke  to women at Vanik Bhojan Shala in afternoon; later, spoke in Connaught Hall on social  service.

1919

September

26

Visited  schools for untouchables.

1919

September

27

Opened  Swadeshi Bhandar in Gondal State, Saurashtra; spoke on swadeshi at meetings of men and  women.

1919

September

28

At  Moti Marad, presided over Kathiawar Patidar Conference.

1919

September

28

Spoke on Hindu-Muslim  unity at Dhoraji; addressed gathering of Antyajas.

1919

September

29

On  return to Ahmedabad, wired Bombay Government withdrawing apology given by Navajivan publishers for supposed breach of law regarding newspaper publication.

1919

October

1

In  Bombay presided over public meeting at Excelsior Theatre, to celebrate 73rd birthday of Annie Besant; opened Kalbadevi Shuddha Swadeshi Bhandar.

1919

October

1

Government of India  asked Punjab, Delhi and Madras to withdraw restrictions imposed upon Gandhi from October  15.

1919

October

2

Gandhi  attended reception at Vanita Vishram Hall of Bhagini Samaj and received purse containing  Rs,20,100; addressed meeting of Muslim students in evening.

1919

October

4

Wired  Madras Governor to expedite granting permission to Miss Faering to join Sabarmati Ashram.

1919

October

6

Madras  Governor’s Private Secretary wrote to Gandhi informing readiness to grant Esther  Faering permission to join him if she would apply in usual way.

1919

October

7

Young  India was reported to have been taken over to Ahmedabad.

1919

October

7

Gandhi received letter  informing Bombay Governor’s approval of swadeshi movement.

1919

October

8

In  Baroda, spoke on physical exercise at Manikrao’s gymnasium, witnessed demonstrations.  First issue of Young India under Gandhi’s editorship appeared.

1919

October

9

Gandhi  spoke at Maharaja Theatre, Baroda; opened swadeshi bhandar and visited brush factory and  school for untouchables; attended meeting of Stree Samaj in Nyaya Mandir; proceeded to  Amreli.

1919

October

10

Opened  spinning-wheel class in Amreli.

1919

October

11

Reached  Bhavnagar at night.

1919

October

12

Taken  in procession, was presented with address by Cooth Merchants’ Association; spoke on  swadeshi; visited school for untouchables; advocated spinning in spare time at  women’s meeting; left for Ahmedabad.

1919

October

13

Presided  over farewell to Anandshankar Dhruva at Gujarat College; later spoke to College students  at meeting presided over by Robertson, Principal.

1919

October

15

Restrictions  imposed on April 9, 1919, prohibiting Gandhi’s entry into Punjab, were removed.  Bombay High Court warned satyagrahi lawyers who took Satyagraha pledge.

1919

October

17

Khilafat  Day observed all over India.

1919

October

18

Registrar,  High Court, Bombay, summoned Gandhi to attend His Lordship’s on October 20 to explain  action in publishing private letter of Ahmedabad District Judge.

1919

October

20

Gandhi  telegraphed Registrar expressing his inability to attend Court on October 20, owing to  Punjab tour.

1919

October

22

Sent  explanation to Registrar from Sabarmati Ashram regarding publication of Ahmedabad District  Judge’s private letter.

1919

October

22

Informed Madras  Governor of Esther Faering’s arrival at Ashram.

1919

October

22

Participated in  function to felicitate Dhruva.

1919

October

22

Left Ahmedabad for  Lahore via Baroda.

1919

October

24

Lahore  citizens accorded warm reception to Gandhi at station.

1919

October

24

Government of India,  Home Department, informed Bombay Government, Judicial Department, that it had no intention  to restrict Gandhi’s movements.

1919

October

27

Gandhi  had interview with Lt.Governor Sir Edward Maclagan and Deputy Commissioner.

1919

October

28

Addressed  students at Pandit Rambhuj Dutt Choudhri’s house.

1919

October

28

Left for Delhi with  C.F. Andrews to attend Punjab Inquiry Committee meeting.

1919

October

28

Government of Indian  informed Chief Secretary, Madras State, of withdrawal of restrictions imposed upon Gandhi  with effect from October 5, 1919, and asked latter to do likewise.

1919

October

29

Gandhi  attended Punjab Inquiry Committee meeting; met Lord Hunter and other officials.

1919

October

29

Addressed public  meeting under Swami Shraddhanand’s chairmanship.

1919

October

31

Wired  Sabarmati Ashram not to have "peace celebrations" on December 13 and 14 if  Khilafat question remained unsettled.

1919

October

31

Bombay High Court  Registrar declared Gandhi’s explanation to be unsatisfactory and demanded publication  of apology.

1919

November

1

Gandhi  gave interview to Associated Press of India on South African Commission.

1919

November

1

Attended public  meeting of Delhi citizens at Pataudi House, but meeting abandoned due to disorder.

1919

November

2

Delhi  martyrs meeting was resumed. Gandhi addressed gathering.

1919

November

3

First  open session of Punjab Inquiry Committee convened.

1919

November

3

Gandhi was reported  taking evidence in martial law cases.

1919

November

4

At  Amritsar Golden Temple, was presented with a turban; spoke on swadeshi at women’s  meeting; visited Jallianwala Bagh and Khalsa College. Left for Lahor with Andrews.

1919

November

7

Telegraphed  Registrar, High Court, Bombay for leave till receipt of counsel’s opinion.

1919

November

11

Held  conference with Madan Mohan Malaviya, Motilal Nehru, C.R. Das and Andrews.

1919

November

11

Malaviya was refused  permission to visit Harkishen Lal in jail.

1919

November

11

Disorders Inquiry  Committee arrived at Lahore.

1919

November

15

Gandhi  spoke at meeting to bid farewell to Andrews who was proceeding to South Africa.

1919

November

20

Visited  Gujranwala; addressed public meeting at Gurukul.

1919

November

21

Recorded  statements from witnesses at Gujranwala; addressed women’s meeting.

1919

November

23

Spoke  at Khilafat Conference at Delhi, attended exclusively by Muslims.

1919

November

23

M.A. Jinnah regretted  inability to attend.

1919

November

24

Gandhi  presided over joint Hindu-Muslim session of Khilafat Congress; spoke in Hindi. Resolution  declared Indians’ unwillingness to participate in peace celebration until Khilafat  question was settled.

1919

November

24

Advisory committee  against peace celebrations formed; one pice of Gandhi auctioned for Rs.501.

1919

November

26

Gandhi  visited and spoke at Nizamabad and Kasur.

1919

November

29

Visited  Akalgarh.

1919

November

30

Visited  Ramnagar.

1919

December

1

Recorded  statements at Hafizabad.

1919

December

2

Addressed  Hafizabad students’ and women’s meetings.

1919

December

3

Reached  Sangla Hill in evening, collected evidence; left for Lahore.

1919

December

4

Indian Reforms Bill  discussed in House of Commons.

1919

December

5

In  Sheikhupura, Gandhi addressed meeting on Hindu-Muslim unity.

1919

December

5

Indian Reforms Bill  passed third reading in house of commons.

1919

December

6

Gandhi  left Sheikhupura for Chuharkana, spoke on need for discipline when detained by crowd at  railway station.

1919

December

7

Visited  Lyallpur in evening, received statements.

1919

December

8

Addressed  meeting of women at noon and public meeting in evening.

1919

December

8

Indian Reforms Bill  had first reading in House of Lords.

1919

December

9

Gandhi  arrived in Lahore.

1919

December

11

Spoke  at celebration of Sabha Mandal.

1919

December

11

Wrote to Registrar,  High Court, Bombay that he "could not conscientiously offer any apology".

1919

December

11

Registrar’s  application suo moto for "a rule nisi calling upon Messrs Gandhi and  Desai to show cause why they should not be committed or otherwise dealt with according to  law for contempt of court" granted.

1919

December

24

Reforms  Bill received Royal assent; Royal Proclamation announcing clemency to political prisoners  issued.

1919

December

28

At  Amritsar, Gandhi dissolved All-India-Humanitarian Conference on account of disorder.

1919

December

29

Attended  Indian National Congress session; moved resolution regarding South African Indians’  hardships. Attended All-India Muslim League session.

1919

December

30

Moved  resolution at Indian National Congress session on Punjab and Gujarat disturbances.

1919

December

31

Attended  Congress session.