|-- Index > Chronology 1945
Chronology 1945

 

Century

 Year

 Detailed

 

Short

 

Overview

 

18

69 - 87

88

89

 Chronology

Chronology

 

1869 - 1899

 

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

 

 

 

1900 - 1919

19

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

 

1920 - 1939

 

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

1940 - 1948

 

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

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30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

 

 

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

 

 

 

1945

 Month

Day

 

 

1945

January

5

Gandhi met Bhulabhai  Desai.

1945

January

11

Attended Hindustani  Talimi Sangh Conference. His speech was read out.

1945

January

17

Gandhi gave interviews  to Prahlad Mehta and T.V. Kunhi Krishnan.

1945

January

23

Met Profulla Chandra  Ghosh. Sent message for Independence Day celebrations in London.

1945

January

26

In speech at prayer  meeting, condemned police interference with village-cleaning programme of workers that  morning in front of Ashram and praised workers’ dignified and firm attitude.

1945

January

31

Had discussion with  Anugraha Narayan Singh.

1945

February

10

Kasturba’s death  anniversary, according to Indian celendar, celebrated. Gandhi participated in spinning yajna. Samagra Gramnseva Shibir concluded. Government addressed volunteers. Advised T.N.  Jagadisan of Madras and M.R.G. Cochrane of Vellore regarding leprosy relief work. Met  Gopinath Bardoloi.

1945

February

12

Gave interview to  Govind Sahay.

1945

February

15

Addressed secretaries  of Provincial Committees of Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Fund.

1945

February

17

In statement to Press  condemned Government’s action in arresting Congressmen in Bihar and rearresting of  Purushottamdas Tandon and appealed to Government to stop practice of torture and  ill-treatment of prisoners.

1945

February

18

Wrote foreword to Amaran  Ba.

1945

February

19

Gave interview to  deputation from N.W.F.P.

1945

February

22

Kasturba’s death  anniversary, according to Gregorian calendar.

1945

February

23

Gandhi spoke at prayer  meeting.

1945

February

26

Answered T.B.  Sapru’s questionnaire regarding former’s talks and correspondence with M.A.  Jinnah.

1945

February

26

Presided at Hindustani  Prachar Sabha conference.

1945

February

27

Spoke at Hindustani  Prachar Sabha conference.

1945

February

3

Met C.Rajagopalachari  .

1945

March

5

Gave interview to  Orient Press.

1945

March

7

Wrote forewords to Gandhi’s  Correspondence with the Government, 1942-1944, and Ahar ane Poshan.

1945

March

9

Gave interview to  Andhra deputation.

1945

March

11

Issued statement to  Press on ban imposed on Congress Workers’ conference in Akola.

1945

March

17

Announced Vinoba Bhave  and Kishorelal Mashruwala as his successors in Ashram.

1945

March

20

Commenting on L.S.  Amery’s statement in interview to The Bombay Chronicle declared that ‘all  talk of resolution of the present deadlock’ was useless as long as members of Working  Committee were under detention.

1945

March

24

Spoke at A.I.S.A.  meeting.

1945

March

25

Hermann Kallenbach  died in Johannesburg. Through Press Gandhi paid tribute to Hermann Kallenbach.

1945

March

25

Spoke at A.I.S.A.  meeting.

1945

March

31

Reached Bombay. Issued  statement to Press on National week. In statement to Press on rejection of Ashti and  Chimur prisoners’ petition said that impending hanging could be prevented if there  was united voice of India against them. Called on ailing Purshottamdas Thakurdas.

1945

April

2

Issued appeal to  observe hartal on April 3, for Chimur and Ashti prisoners.

1945

April

4

Attended meeting of  the Kasturba Memorial Trust.

1945

April

6

Spoke at prayer  meeting.

1945

April

8

Gave interview to  B.E.S.T. Workers’ Deputation.

1945

April

10

Gave interview to The  Times of India.

1945

April

11

Spoke at the Borivli  Camp. Addressed prayer meeting at Borivli.

1945

April

12

Attended meeting of  Kasturba Memorial Trust.

1945

April

14

Visited Kasturba  Memorial trust Office.

1945

April

14

Met Manilal who had  come from South Africa.

1945

April

15

Addressed prayer  meeting.

1945

April

16

Sent condolence  message on the death of President Roosevelt.

1945

April

17

Issued statement to  Press on San Francisco Conference.

1945

April

18

Sent message to  Indians in South Africa.

1945

April

19

Spoke at prayer  meeting.

1945

April

20

Arrived in Poona.

1945

April

21

Arrived at  Mahabaleshwar. Spoke at prayer meeting.

1945

April

22

In telegram to A.P.I.,  denied having written to Bhulabhai Desai as alleged by the Morning Standard.

1945

April

27

Gandhi, in message  from Mahabaleshwar where he had been staying from April 21, exhorted people of Ceylon  "to understand the message of the charkha and the constructive programme".

1945

May

1

In foreword to  Rashtrabhasha Vishe Vichar, said that Hindustani, "a happy amalgam of Hindi and  urdu", was "the perfect national language".

1945

May

2

Visited apiaries and  appreciated their scientific method and swadeshi spirit.

1945

May

3

In answer to D.N.  Balavenkataram, confirmed report that he would not enter Mahabaleshwar temples, as long as  their "doors are open to Harijans."

1945

May

4

In statement to the  Press replied to "remarks attributed to Sir Feroz Khan Noon as having been made by  him at San Fransisco Conference".

1945

May

5

In Press statement  condemned big merchants, capitalists and industrialists who outwardly spoke and wrote  against Government but in action conformed to its will.

1945

May

8

In telegram, gave  blessings to G.D. Birla, who along with J.R.D. Tata and Kasturbhai was proceeding in  industrial delegation to England. At prayer meeting paid tributes to Rabindranath Tagore  on his eighty-fifth birth anniversary.

1945

May

11 and 12

Had discussion with  C.Rajagopalachari.

1945

May

13

In letter to  Dunichand, regretted his error of mistaken indentity in sending condolence to Mrs.  Dunichand.

1945

May

21

In Gramodyog  Patrika article, distinguished khadi from other village industries by comparing the  former to the sun and the latter to planets.

1945

May

22

Spoke at Hindustan  scout Association training camp.

1945

May

27

In letter, requested  Government to protect and preserve piece of ground having samadhis of Kasturba  Gandhi and Mahadev Desai as consecrated place for use by their friends and relatives.

1945

May

On or before 30

Gave interview to  Denton J. Brooks Jr.

1945

May

31

Reached Panchgani; put  up at ‘Dilkhush’ of Nanji Kalidas.

1945

June

1

Had discussion with  Harekrushna Mahtab.

1945

June

2

In answer to Shriman  Narayan, stressed need to demonstrate economic fallacy behind sanction for use of foreign  goods.

1945

June

On or after 3

In statement to Orient  Press, said that Muslims should speak as Indians.

1945

June

7

In letter, requested  Bhulabhai Desai "to see to it that Chimur-Ashti prisoners are not hanged".

1945

June

9

In message, wished  Rajani Palme Dutt success in election campaign against L.S. Amery in Sparkbrook  Constituency of Birmingham.

1945

June

10

Addressed members of  Wai Rashtra Seva Dal.

1945

June

11

In silence-day note,  cautioned Bhulabhai Desai against possible danger in agreement with Muslim League, and  said that nothing could be done until Working Committee members were free to express their  opinion.

1945

June

13

In letter to  Purushottamdas Tandon, said that his leaving Hindi Sahitya Sammelan was intended to serve  it better.

1945

June

14

In broadcast, Viceroy  announced release of Working Committee members and summoning of conference of leaders of  political parties.

1945

June

14

In telegram, Gandhi  informed Viceroy that he would not like to attend Simla Conference as Congress  representative.

1945

June

15

Congress leaders were  released and ban on Congress Working Committee was lifted.

1945

June

16

In letter to Viceroy,  Gandhi conveyed his willingness to be present at Simla Conference "with no official  position" and if "working committee wished likewise".

1945

June

18

In telegram to  Viceroy, rejection of parity between Muslims and caste Hindus and reaffirmed his advice  that Congress should not participate in formation of Executive Council on those grounds.

1945

June

18

Released to the Press,  next of the letter he had written to Winston Churchill on July 17, 1944.

1945

June

19

At Poona, visited  samadhis of Mahadev Desai and Kasturba Gandhi.

1945

June

20

In Bombay.

1945

June

21

In statement to press  appealed to authorities to remove Subhas Chandra Bose to health resort with facilities to  receive relatives.

1945

June

21 and 22

Attendec Congress  Working Committee meeting.

1945

June

23

Halted at Delhi on way  to Simla.

1945

June

24

Reached Simla; met  Viceroy in afternoon.

1945

June

26

Released to Press  names of members for Literature Board of All-India Hindustani Prachar Sabha.

1945

June

27

At prayer meeting,  explained significance of prayer.

1945

June

28

In letter, appealed to  Viceroy that all "hangings - an aftermath of the disturbances of 1942…be  commuted to life sentences".

1945

June

29

Gave interview to  Preston Grover of Associate Press of America.

1945

June

30

In interview to A.S.  Bharatan of Associated press of India, explained Congress stand on issue of parity of  representation between caste Hindus and Muslims.

1945

July

2

At prayer meeting,  explained new rule of A.I.S.A. which required payment for khadi to be made partly in yarn.

1945

July

3 and 4

Attended Congress  Working Committee meeting.

1945

July

7

Congress list for  proposed Executive Council was sent to Viceroy by Abul Kalam Azad after discussion with  Gandhi.

1945

July

9

Jinnah refused to send  his names for proposed Executive Council.

1945

July

12

At prayer meeting,  Gandhi rebuked gathering for unruly behaviour.

1945

July

14

Gave interview to  Francis Sayer of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

1945

July

16

Viceroy announced  failure of Simla Conference which Jinnah had called "a snare".

1945

July

16

Gandhi left Simla for  Wardha.

1945

July

17

Gandhi arrived in  Delhi.

1945

July

17

Visited Satyavati and  Shaukat Ansari.

1945

July

17

En route to  Wardha addressed the crowd assembled at Agra Cantt. Station. Gave interview to People’s  War.

1945

July

18

Reached Sevagram.

1945

July

18

Issued statement to  Press.

1945

July

25

Resigned from Hindi  Sahitya Sammelan.

1945

July

On or before 28

Gave interview to The  Hindu.

1945

August

3

Gave statement to  Press.

1945

August

4

Issued statement to  Press.

1945

August

4

Gave interview to The  Hindu.

1945

August

6

Hiroshima atom-bombed.

1945

August

8

Gandhi issued  statement on appeal for funds for Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha.

1945

August

9

Nagasaki atom-bombed.

1945

August

10

Japan surrendered.

1945

August

11

Gandhi issued  statement on death sentence of Mahendra Chowdhary.

1945

August

14

Had discussion with  B.S. Murthy.

1945

August

14

Addressed Central  Board meeting of Harijan Sevak Sangh.

1945

August

16

Death sentences of  Ashti-Chimur prisoner commuted to life imprisonment.

1945

August

19

Gandhi attended  meeting of Kasturba National Memorial Trust.

1945

August

19

Left Sevagram for  Bombay.

1945

August

20

At Bombay.

1945

August

21

Arrived in Poona.

1945

August

29

Sent message to U.S.A.

1945

September

Before 2

Had discussion with  Narendra Dev and Suraj Prasad Awasthi.

1945

September

12 and 13

Attended Congress  Working Committee meeting.

1945

September

14

Attended C.W.C.  meeting.

1945

September

14

Spoke at prayer  meeting.

1945

September

15

Attended C.W.C.  meeting.

1945

September

16

Attended C.W.C.  meeting.

1945

September

16

Sent condolence letter  to Nawab of Bhopal.

1945

September

17 to 20

Attended C.W.C.  meeting.

1945

September

21

Arrived in Bombay; had  mild attack of influenza, was advised complete rest; could not attend A.I.C.C. Spoke at  prayer meeting.

1945

September

22 to 23

Attended C.W.C.  meeting.

1945

September

24

Attended C.W.C.  meeting, Bombay.

1945

September

24

Returned to Poona.

1945

October

5

Laid foundation-stone  of Kasturba Goshala.

1945

October

8

Acknowledged  birthday-greetings through Press.

1945

October

31

At Poona.

1945

November

1

Gandhi was at Poona.

1945

November

8

In Poona. Attended  meeting of Hindustani Prachar Sabha.

1945

November

10

Mahendra gope was  hanged in Bhagalpur jail.

1945

November

12

Jawaharlal Nehru  called on Gandhi.

1945

November

15

Gandhi visited  Khadakvasala.

1945

November

19

Left Poona for Bombay.

1945

November

20

Left Bombay for  Wardha.

1945

November

21

Arrived in Sevagram.

1945

November

22

Addressed students of  Samagra Gram Vidyalaya.

1945

November

23 - 25

Attended meetings of  Kasturba memorial Trust.

1945

November

26

Had talk with members  of Hyderabad State Congress.

1945

November

27 - 28

Presided over meetings  of the Charkha Sangh.

1945

November

30

Spoke at Mahila Ashram  Wardha. Left for Calcutta.

1945

December

1

Arrived in Calcutta.  Put of at Sodepur Ashram. Met R.G. Casey, Governor of Bengal.

1945

December

3

Met R.G. Casey.

1945

December

10

Had discussion with  Lord Wavell.

1945

December

12

Dr. N.B. Khare called  on Gandhi.

1945

December

18

Gandhi arrived in  Santiniketan.

1945

December

19

Laid foundation of  C.F. Andrews Memorial Hospital.

1945

December

20

Left Santiniketan.

1945

December

21

Arrived in Sodepur.

1945

December

22

Called on R.G. Casey.

1945

December

23

Had discussion with  members of Bengal Provincial Congress Committee and kindred organizations.

1945

December

24

Left for Midnapore  District.

1945

December

25

Arrived in Mahishadal.

1945

December

30

Left Mahishadal for  Contai.

1945

December

31

Arrived in Contai.